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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2012
NCES 2013-036
2013

Indicator 10: Students' Reports of Being Called Hate-Related Words and Seeing Hate-Related Graffiti

In 2011, about 9 percent of students ages 12–18 reported being the target of hate-related words at school during the school year and 28 percent of students reported seeing hate-related graffiti at school.

The School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey collects data on students' reports of being the target of hate-related26 words and seeing hate-related graffiti at school.27 Specifically, in 2011, students ages 12–18 were asked whether someone at school had called them a derogatory word having to do with their race, ethnicity, religion, disability, gender, or sexual orientation. Students also were asked if they had seen hate-related graffiti at their school—that is, hate-related words or symbols written in classrooms, bathrooms, or hallways or on the outside of the school building.

In 2011, about 9 percent of students ages 12–18 reported being the target of hate-related words at school during the school year (figure 10.1 and table 10.1). The percentage of students who reported being the target of hate-related words decreased from 12 percent in 2001 to 9 percent in 2011; however, there was no measurable difference between the percentages in the two most recent survey years 2009 and 2011 (9 percent in both years).

Twenty-eight percent of students reported seeing hate-related graffiti at school during the school year in 2011. The percentage of students who reported seeing hate-related graffiti at school decreased from 36 percent in 1999 to 28 percent in 2011, but there was no measurable difference between the percentages in the two most recent survey years 2009 and 2011 (29 and 28 percent, respectively).

As was the case in all survey years since 2001, no measurable differences were observed in 2011 in the percentages of males and females who reported being called a hate-related word or who reported seeing hate-related graffiti at school during the school year. The percentage of male students who reported being called a hate-related word did not measurably change between 2009 and 2011; however, the percentage of male students who reported being called a hate-related word was lower in 2011 (9 percent) than in 2001 (13 percent). In addition, the percentage of female students who reported being called a hate-related word did not measurably change between 2009 and 2011, but it was lower in 2011 (9 percent) than in 2001 (12 percent).

Similarly, the percentage of male students who reported seeing hate-related graffiti at school did not measurably change between 2009 and 2011, but it was lower in 2011 (29 percent) than in 1999 (34 percent). Also, the percentage of female students who reported seeing hate-related graffiti at school did not measurably change between 2009 and 2011, but it was also lower in 2011 (28 percent) than in 1999 (39 percent).

In 2011, there were no measurable differences in the percentages of students who reported being called hate-related words or who reported seeing hate-related graffiti at school by race/ethnicity (figure 10.1 and table 10.1). Eight percent of White students, 9 percent of Asian students, 10 percent of Hispanic students, and 11 percent of Black students reported being called a hate-related word. Twenty-eight percent each of Black and White students, 29 percent of Hispanic students and, 30 percent of Asian students reported seeing hate-related graffiti at school.

Some measurable differences were observed across grades in students' reports of seeing hate-related graffiti at school in 2011. For example, a lower percentage of 6th-, 7th-, 8th-, and 12th-graders (26 percent each) reported seeing hate-related graffiti in 2011, compared with 32 percent of 11th-graders and 33 percent of 10th-graders (table 10.1). There were no measurable differences observed across grades in students' reports of being called a hate-related word at school.

By school sector, the percentage of public school students who reported being called a hate-related word (9 percent) was not measurably different from the percentage of private school students (7 percent) in 2011. In each data collection year between 1999 and 2011, a higher percentage of public school students than private school students reported seeing hate-related graffiti at school. For instance, in 2011, approximately 30 percent of public school students reported seeing hate-related graffiti at school compared with 13 percent of private school students.

Students who reported being the target of hate-related words at school in 2011 were asked to indicate whether the derogatory word they were called was related to their race, ethnicity, religion, disability, gender, or sexual orientation (figure 10.2 and table 10.2). A higher percentage of male students than female students reported being called a hate-related word with regard to their race (5 percent vs. 4 percent). In turn, a higher percentage of female students than male students reported being called a hate-related word with regard to their gender (2 percent vs. 1 percent).

With respect to being called a hate-related word related to their race, White students reported being the target at a lower percentage than their peers. Specifically, 2 percent of White students reported being called a hate-related word with regard to their race, compared with 7 percent each of Black, Asian, and Hispanic students, and 8 percent of students of other races. In addition, among students who reported being called a hate-related word with regard to their ethnicity, a higher percentage of Hispanic students (7 percent) reported being the target than their White, Black, or Other race/ethnicity peers (between 1 and 4 percent of students).

This indicator has been updated to include 2011 data. For more information: Tables 10.1 and 10.2, and DeVoe and Bauer (2011), (http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2012314).


26 "Hate-related" refers to derogatory terms used by others in reference to students' personal characteristics.
27 "At school" includes the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and, from 2001 onward, going to and from school.


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