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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2012
NCES 2013-036
2013

Indicator 4: Threats and Injuries With Weapons on School Property

In 2011, about 7 percent of students in grades 912 were threatened or injured with a weapon on school property. This percentage was not measurably different from the percentage who were threatened or injured with a weapon on school property in 2009 (8 percent).

Every year, some students are threatened or injured with a weapon while they are on school property. The percentage of students victimized in this way provides a measure of how safe our schools are, and of whether levels of safety in schools have changed over time. In the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, students in grades 912 were asked whether and how often they had been threatened or injured with a weapon on school property during the 12 months preceding the survey. In 2011, about 7 percent of students reported they were threatened or injured with a weapon, such as a gun, knife, or club, on school property16 (table 4.1). This percentage was not measurably different from the percentages of students who reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property in 2009 (8 percent), or in 1993 (7 percent), the first year of data collection.

In each survey year, a higher percentage of males than females reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property (figure 4.1 and table 4.1). In 2011, approximately 10 percent of males and 5 percent of females reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property. These percentages were not measurably different from the percentages of males and females who reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property in 2009 (10 percent of males and 5 percent of females), or in 1993 (9 percent of males and 5 percent of females).

There were also differences in the percentages of students who reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property by race/ethnicity and grade level. Specifically, the percentage of students who reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property in 2011 was smaller for White students (6 percent) than for students of two or more races (10 percent) and Hispanic and Black students (9 percent each; figure 4.2 and table 4.1). Generally, the percentage of students who reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property was higher for lower grade levels (table 4.1). For example, in 2011, a smaller percentage of 12th- graders (6 percent) than of 9th- and 10th-graders (8 percent each) reported that they were threatened or injured with a weapon on school property.

Students were asked how many times they had been threatened or injured with a weapon on school property during the previous 12 months. A greater percentage of students experienced being threatened or injured 1 time in the previous 12 months compared with those who reported being threatened or injured 2 or 3 times, 4 to 11 times, and 12 or more times (figure 4.3 and table 4.2). In 2011, about 3 percent of students were threatened or injured with a weapon 1 time, 2 percent were threatened or injured with a weapon 2 or 3 times, 1 percent were threatened or injured with a weapon 4 to 11 times, and 1 percent were threatened or injured with a weapon 12 or more times.

In 2011, the percentage of public school students who reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property varied among the 38 states and the District of Columbia for which data were available. Among these states, the percentage of students who reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property ranged from 5 percent in Wisconsin to 12 percent in Georgia (table 4.3).

This indicator has been updated to include 2011 data. For more information: Tables 4.1, 4.2, and 4.3, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012), (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/ss/ss6104.pdf).


16 "On school property" was not defined for survey respondents.


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