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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2012
NCES 2013-036
2013

Indicator 3: Prevalence of Victimization at School

In 2011, approximately 4 percent of students ages 1218 reported being victimized at school during the previous 6 months. Three percent of students reported theft, 1 percent reported violent victimization, and one-tenth of 1 percent reported serious violent victimization.

The School Crime Supplement11 collects data on the percentage of students ages 1218 who reported criminal victimization at school12 during the previous 6 months. In addition to the total percentages reported by students, victimization is also reported by type, namely theft,13 violent victimization,14 and serious violent victimization.15 Results from the most recent data collection show that in 2011, approximately 4 percent of students ages 1218 reported being victimized at school during the previous 6 months. Three percent of students reported theft, 1 percent reported violent victimization, and one-tenth of 1 percent reported serious violent victimization (figure 3.1 and table 3.1).

In 2011, reports on the prevalence of victimization varied by some school and student characteristics. Differences were observed by school type in the reporting of victimization in 2011. A higher percentage of students attending public schools reported being victimized at school compared with students attending private schools (4 percent vs. 2 percent). The percentage of students reporting theft was also higher at public schools (3 percent) than at private schools (1 percent) in 2011.

There were some measurable differences in student reports of victimization by grade in 2011. For example, a higher percentage of 9th-graders than of 7th-, 10th-, and12th-graders reported being victimized at school during the previous 6 months (5 vs. 3 percent each). Four percent each of 6th- and 8th-graders and 3 percent of 11th-graders also reported victimization. A higher percentage of 9th-graders (4 percent) than of 7th-, 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-graders (2 percent each) reported theft. In addition, 3 percent each of 6th- and 11th-graders reported theft in 2011.

There were no measurable differences between the percentages of White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian students ages 1218 who reported criminal victimization, theft, and violent victimization at school in 2011. About 5 percent of Black students, 4 percent of White students, and 3 percent each of Hispanic and Asian students reported criminal victimization at school. Four percent of Black students, 3 percent of Asian students, and 2 percent each of White and Hispanic students reported theft. One percent each of White, Black, and Hispanic students reported violent victimization (the percentage of Asian students reporting violent victimization rounded to zero).

Among students ages 1218 in 2011, there were no measurable differences detected by sex in reports of victimization. Four percent of male students and 3 percent of female students reported being victimized at school during the previous 6 months. Three percent each of male and female students reported theft, and 1 percent each of male and female students reported violent victimization in 2011 (figure 3.2 and table 3.1).

No measurable differences were observed by urbanicity in the prevalence of victimization in 2011. About 4 percent of students ages 1218 from urban areas and 3 percent each of students from suburban and rural areas reported criminal victimization at school.

Between 1995 and 2011, the total percentage of students ages 1218 who reported being victimized at school during the previous 6 months, as well as the percentages of students who reported theft, violent victimization, and serious violent victimization, decreased. A decrease between 1995 and 2011 in the percentage of students reporting criminal victimization also occurred by some student and school characteristics. For example, the percentage of male students who reported being victimized at school decreased by more than half, from 10 percent in 1995 to 4 percent in 2011. Among female students, the percentage who reported being victimized at school also decreased by more than half, from 9 percent in 1995 to 3 percent in 2011. For students attending both public and private schools, the percentages of students who reported victimization decreased. Ten percent of public school students reported being victimized at school in 1995, compared with 4 percent of public school students in 2011. Similarly, about 7 percent of private school students reported being victimized in 1995, compared with 2 percent in 2011.

This indicator has been updated to include 2011 data. For more information: Table 3.1, and DeVoe and Bauer (2011), (http://nces. ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2012314).


11 Although Indicators 2 and 3 present information on similar topics, the survey sources for these two indicators differ with respect to time coverage and administration. For more information on these two surveys, please see appendix A.
12 "At school" includes the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and, from 2001 onward, going to and from school.
13 "Theft" includes attempted and completed purse- snatching, completed pickpocketing, and all attempted and completed thefts, excluding motor vehicle theft. Theft does not include robbery, in which the threat or use of force is involved.
14 "Violent victimization" includes serious violent crimes and simple assault.
15 "Serious violent victimization" includes rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault.


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