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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010
NCES 2011-002
November 2010


Table 8.1.

Percentage of students ages 1218 who reported that gangs were present at school, by urbanicity and selected student and school characteristics: Various years, 200107


  2001   2003   2005     20071    
Total   Urban Suburban   Rural   Total   Urban Suburban   Rural   Total   Urban Suburban   Rural     Total   Urban Suburban   Rural    
                                                             
Total 20.1   28.9 18.3   13.3   20.9   30.9 18.4   12.3   24.2   36.2 20.8   16.4     23.2        
                                                             
Sex                                                            
Male 21.4   31.9 18.9   14.0   22.3   32.1 20.5   12.2   25.3   37.4 22.4   16.1     25.1        
Female 18.8   25.9 17.5   12.5   19.5   29.7 16.3   12.4   22.9   35.0 19.1   16.7     21.3        
                                                             
Race/ethnicity2                                                            
White 15.5   20.5 15.4   12.1   14.2   19.8 13.8   10.7   16.8   23.7 16.0   14.1     16.0        
Black 28.6   32.4 25.4   22.5   29.5   32.8 28.3   21.8 ! 37.6   41.8 36.2   24.4     37.6        
Hispanic 32.0   40.3 27.1   16.8 ! 37.2   42.6 34.6   12.7 ! 38.9   48.9 32.1   26.2     36.1        
Asian             20.2   25.0 18.1   19.0 !   17.4        
Other 21.4   27.0 20.0     22.0   30.6 18.2     27.7   33.9 29.0       26.4        
                                                             
Grade                                                            
6th 11.2   14.9 9.0   11.0   10.9   21.6 7.5     12.1   19.9 8.9   8.3 !   15.3        
7th 15.7   23.7 13.7   8.9   16.3   25.5 13.2   9.4   17.3   24.2 14.9   15.2     17.4        
8th 17.3   24.0 16.6   10.1   17.9   25.2 16.2   10.9   19.1   30.5 14.6   14.7     20.6        
9th 24.3   35.3 20.8   18.9   26.1   38.2 24.3   13.8   28.3   40.3 24.8   21.0     28.0        
10th 23.6   33.1 22.3   14.4   26.3   35.3 24.1   18.0   32.6   50.6 27.9   22.0     28.1        
11th 24.2   34.2 22.7   15.8   23.4   34.6 20.4   15.0   28.0   44.3 25.5   13.3 !   25.9        
12th 21.1   34.1 18.6   11.5 ! 22.2   34.8 19.3   13.3   27.9   39.5 25.1   15.8 !   24.4        
                                                             
Sector                                                            
Public 21.6   31.9 19.5   13.7   22.5   33.7 19.9   12.8   25.8   39.1 22.3   17.2     24.9        
Private 4.9   5.0 4.3 !   3.9   6.0 2.4 !   4.2   7.7 3.0 !     5.2        
— Not available.
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 In 2007, the reference period was the school year, whereas in prior survey years the reference period was the previous 6 months. Cognitive testing showed that estimates from 2007 are comparable to previous years.
2 Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Other includes American Indian, Alaska Native, Asian (prior to 2005), Pacific Islander, and, from 2003 onward, two or more races. Due to changes in racial/ethnic categories, comparisons of race/ethnicity across years should be made with caution.
NOTE: Data for 2005 have been revised from previously published figures. All gangs, whether or not they are involved in violent or illegal activity, are included. “At school” includes the school building, on school property, on a school bus, or going to and from school. In 2005 and 2007, the unit response rate for this survey did not meet NCES statistical standards; therefore, interpret the data with caution. Due to a redesign of the methods used to measure urbanicity, estimates for 2007 locales are not shown. For more information, please see appendix A.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey, various years, 2001–2007.
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