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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010
NCES 2011-002
November 2010


Table 6.2.

Percentage of public schools recording incidents of crime, number of incidents, and the rate of crimes per 1,000 students, by type of crime and selected school characteristics: School year 200708


          Violent incidents1       Serious violent incidents2       Theft3       Other incidents4
School characteristic Total number of schools       Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students       Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students       Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students       Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students
                                                                   
Total 83,000       75.5   1,332,400   27.9       17.2   58,300   1.2       47.3   268,900   5.6       67.4   439,500   9.2
                                                                   
School level5                                                                  
Primary 49,200       65.1   588,700   25.6       13.0   24,000   1.0       30.6   48,300   2.1       55.1   112,200   4.9
Middle 15,300       94.3   400,900   41.3       22.0   18,600   1.9       69.5   80,500   8.3       84.0   119,700   12.3
High school 11,900       94.0   277,200   22.3       28.9   14,100   1.1       83.7   122,600   9.9       93.5   183,700   14.8
Combined 6,600       75.5   65,700   24.7       16.4   1,700   0.6       54.7   17,500   6.6       72.9   23,800   9.0
                                                                   
Enrollment size                                                                  
Less than 300 19,200       60.6   137,700   34.4       12.3   7,300 ! 1.8     ! 33.3   21,400   5.4       47.6   36,200   9.1
300–499 24,300       69.1   242,600   24.3       11.4   7,800   0.8       35.6   31,800   3.2       62.1   64,600   6.5
500–999 30,200       83.4   601,700   30.0       19.8   24,400   1.2       54.0   101,700   5.1       75.5   155,000   7.7
1,000 or more 9,300       97.0   350,400   25.5       34.0   18,800   1.4       84.9   114,000   8.3       95.5   183,600   13.4
                                                                   
Urbanicity                                                                  
City 21,300       82.1   494,800   35.8       20.2   26,800   1.9       54.5   85,100   6.2       77.5   160,000   11.6
Suburb 23,900       73.7   380,600   22.8       17.4   15,500   0.9       40.3   84,100   5.0       66.7   138,100   8.3
Town 11,800       80.0   158,700   26.4       17.6   7,200   1.2       49.1   32,100   5.3       66.4   49,300   8.2
Rural 26,000       69.5   298,300   26.4       14.4   8,800   0.8       47.1   67,700   6.0       60.2   92,100   8.2
                                                                   
Percent combined enrollment of
      Black, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific
      Islander, or American Indian/
      Alaska Native students
                                                                 
Less than 5 percent 13,700       66.7   116,500   21.7       15.0   4,600   0.8       46.1   31,700   5.9       60.6   39,600   7.4
5 percent to less than 20 percent 21,400       72.7   226,100   18.8       13.7   7,400   0.6       43.0   66,400   5.5       62.0   87,400   7.3
20 percent to less than 50 percent 20,300       77.3   349,600   27.1       15.2   10,500   0.8       45.8   67,600   5.2       70.0   108,600   8.4
50 percent or more 27,600       80.5   640,300   36.6       22.5   35,800   2.0       52.4   103,300   5.9       72.9   203,900   11.7
                                                                   
Percent of students eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                                                                 
0–25 21,900       67.7   222,100   15.2       15.1   7,500   0.5       46.2   82,500   5.6       66.1   108,000   7.4
26–50 25,800       75.6   372,200   25.3       15.4   14,000   1.0       45.4   83,200   5.6       64.2   127,200   8.6
51–75 18,800       77.4   342,300   35.6       17.6   12,700   1.3       46.2   52,700   5.5       69.7   101,000   10.5
76–100 16,500       83.4   395,800   45.0       22.4   24,200   2.8       53.0   50,500   5.7       71.3   103,300   11.7
                                                                   
Student/teacher ratio6                                                                  
Less than 12 42,200       71.8   563,400   29.1       15.3   25,100   1.3       41.5   105,700   5.5       61.4   166,300   8.6
12–16 28,500       78.0   494,600   26.2       18.0   20,700   1.1       51.3   103,500   5.5       71.8   166,800   8.8
More than 16 12,300       82.0   274,400   28.6       21.9   12,500   1.3       57.9   59,700   6.2       77.3   106,300   11.1
! Interpret data with caution.
1 Violent incidents include serious violent incidents; physical attack or fight without a weapon; and threat of physical attack without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape or attempted rape; sexual battery other than rape; physical attack or fight with a weapon; threat of physical attack with a weapon; and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny includes taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation. Please see appendix B for a more detailed definition.
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device; possession of a knife or sharp object; distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol; and vandalism.
5 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers and aides. The total number of FTE teachers and aides is a combination of full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment for part-time status.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. “At school” was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to include incidents that occurred before, during, or after normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates of number of incidents and schools are rounded to the nearest 100.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.
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