Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010
NCES 2011-002
November 2010

Indicator 9: Students' Reports of Drug Availability on School Property

The percentage of students in grades 912 who reported that drugs were offered, sold, or given to them decreased from 32 percent in 1995 to 23 percent in 2009.

In the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, students in grades 912 were asked whether someone had offered, sold, or given them an illegal drug on school property in the 12 months before the survey.25 The percentage of students in grades 912 who reported that drugs were made available to them on school property increased from 1993 to 1995 (from 24 to 32 percent), but subsequently decreased to 23 percent in 2009 (table 9.1). There was no statistically significant difference, however, between the 2009 percentage and the 2007 percentage (22 percent) (table 9.1 and figure 9.1).

Student reports of the availability of drugs on school property varied by student characteristics. A higher percentage of males than females reported that drugs were offered, sold, or given to them on school property in each survey year from 1993 to 2009 (figure 9.2 and table 9.1). For example, in 2009, 26 percent of males reported that drugs were made available to them, compared to 19 percent of females. There were no measurable differences across grades in the percentages of students reporting that drugs were made available to them in 2009. Twenty-four percent of 10th- and 11th-graders, 22 percent of 9th-graders and 21 percent of 12th-graders reported that drugs were made available to them.

The percentage of students who reported having illegal drugs offered, sold, or given to them on school property differed across racial/ethnic groups (figure 9.2 and table 9.1). Specifically, in 2009, higher percentages of American Indian/Alaska Native students (34 percent) and Hispanic students (31 percent) than Black students (22 percent), White students (20 percent), and Asian students (18 percent) reported that drugs were made available to them on school property. In addition, a higher percentage of students of two or more races (27 percent) than of Asian students or White students reported that drugs were made available to them on school property.

In 2009, student reports of the availability of drugs on school property varied across the 42 states for which data were available. Among these states, the percentage of students reporting that drugs were offered, sold, or given to them on school property ranged from 15 percent in Kansas to 36 percent in Hawaii and Nevada (table 9.2).


25 "On school property" was not defined for survey respondents.

Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.