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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2009
NCES 2010-012
December 2009

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Table 20.2.

Percentage of public schools that used selected safety and security measures, by school characteristics: School year 200708


School characteristic Controlled access during school hours   Drug testing   Required to wear badges or picture IDs   Metal detector checks on students   Sweeps and technology Required students to wear uniforms  
Buildings (e.g., locked or monitored doors)   Grounds (e.g., locked or monitored gates)   Athletes   Students in extracurricular activities (excluding athletes)   Students   Faculty
and
staff
  Random checks1   Required to pass through daily   Random dog sniffs to check for drugs1   Random sweeps
for contraband1,2
  Electronic notification system for school-wide emergency   Structured, anonymous threat reporting system   Used security cameras to monitor school1    
                                                         
Total 89.5   42.6   6.4   4.5   7.6   58.3   5.3   1.3   21.5   11.4   43.2   31.2   55.0   17.5  
                                                         
School level3                                                        
Primary 92.1   45.1   1.8   1.5 ! 3.1   61.5   2.2       3.2   43.4   26.0   45.9   20.2  
Middle 90.9   41.9   8.2   6.3   13.6   61.2   9.1   2.2   39.8   18.6   49.4   39.4   66.0   17.1  
High school 84.7   40.7   16.3   10.1   18.5   56.6   11.1   4.2   58.4   26.5   43.8   40.5   76.6   8.9  
Combined 76.3   29.0   18.9   12.3   8.2 ! 31.3   8.9 !   45.3   27.9   25.5   34.8   59.2   13.9  
                                                         
Enrollment size                                                        
Less than 300 85.5   33.1   6.4   5.1   3.4   39.6   2.8 ! 0.7 ! 15.8   12.3   31.3   24.1   45.7   15.7  
300–499 91.4   40.5   3.4   2.5 ! 4.2   57.1   5.1   1.7 ! 15.0   7.7   40.8   23.9   51.8   16.0  
500–999 91.5   47.4   7.1   5.0   8.3   68.0   4.6   0.9 ! 22.1   10.1   48.7   35.4   57.8   20.0  
1,000 or more 86.6   52.1   12.1   6.6   23.5   69.1   13.6   3.3   48.9   23.0   55.8   51.5   74.0   17.0  
                                                         
Urbanicity                                                        
City 91.9   54.3   1.8   1.7 ! 12.8   59.6   11.6   4.1   11.7   12.3   43.1   37.2   53.3   38.6  
Suburb 93.8   47.4   3.9   1.8   7.3   71.8   2.5   0.3 ! 16.2   7.9   55.7   30.1   57.5   15.8  
Town 88.6   38.1   13.0   9.1   7.8   62.8   3.8 !   32.3   10.3   34.5   32.7   60.2   7.6  
Rural 84.1   30.7   9.5   7.2   3.7   42.9   3.4   0.4 ! 29.6   14.2   35.6   26.7   51.8   6.3  
                                                         
Percent combined enrollment of Black,
  Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, or
  American Indian/Alaska Native students
                                                       
Less than 5 percent 86.0   23.4   10.8   6.7   3.7   45.4   1.1 !   28.5   9.2   34.7   29.6   57.9    
5 to less than 20 percent 90.9   34.7   5.7   4.1   4.9   64.4   1.1 !   23.2   9.0   42.7   30.5   59.0   3.9  
20 to less than 50 percent 89.3   43.1   8.1   5.6   7.2   63.5   3.4   0.4 ! 23.4   11.4   51.1   31.9   53.1   8.3  
50 percent or more 90.4   57.9   3.7   2.8   12.0   56.3   12.1   3.6   15.5   14.3   41.8   32.1   52.0   42.8  
                                                         
Percent of students eligible for free or
  reduced-price lunch
                                                       
0–25 91.1   39.8   5.0   2.7   5.8   65.5   1.1     21.0   7.0   56.1   29.5   54.1   4.2  
26–50 89.7   37.5   8.3   5.8   7.9   57.5   2.9     27.2   10.7   35.9   33.1   56.9   7.1  
51–75 85.2   39.7   7.6   5.3   7.2   55.8   6.8   2.3   21.8   13.0   43.7   30.2   52.4   18.0  
76–100 92.2   57.6   4.2   3.9 ! 10.3   53.1   13.0   3.5   13.3   16.4   36.7   31.7   56.3   51.0  
                                                         
Student/teacher ratio4                                                        
Less than 12 88.2   39.0   5.6   4.3   6.8   56.7   5.0   0.8   22.3   11.9   43.1   27.6   54.8   16.6  
12–16 92.6   41.2   7.8   5.4   8.8   62.0   5.5   1.9   21.1   10.3   42.3   33.0   57.4   18.6  
More than 16 87.1   58.4   5.9   2.9 ! 8.0   55.4   5.9   1.7 ! 20.0   12.0   45.5   39.7   50.4   18.2  
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 One or more check, sweep, or camera.
2 For example, drugs or weapons. Does not include dog sniffs.
3 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
4 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers and aides. The total number of FTE teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment for part-time status.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Respondents were instructed to respond only for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session, unless the survey specified otherwise.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.
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