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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2009
NCES 2010-012
December 2009

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Table 7.1.

Percentage of public schools reporting selected discipline problems that occurred at school, by frequency and school characteristics: School year 2007–08


School characteristic Happens at least once a week1   Happens at all2
Student racial/ethnic tensions   Student bullying   Student sexual harassment of other students   Student verbal abuse of teachers   Student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse   Widespread disorder in classrooms   Gang activities   Cult or extremist group activities  
                                   
Total3.7 25.3 3.0 6.0 10.5 4.0  19.8 2.6 
                  
School level3                 
Primary 2.6 20.5 1.3!3.7 7.7 3.1  10.0 0.6!
Middle 5.6 43.5 6.5 9.8 17.7 6.6  35.4 3.1 
High school 5.3 21.7 5.7 12.1 16.9 4.8  43.1 8.0 
Combined 4.3!24.9  2.9!3.8!  14.3 6.4!
                  
Enrollment size                 
Less than 3003.2!18.7 2.7!4.5!5.6!3.2! 9.8 1.3!
3004991.4!20.8 1.8!3.1 8.4 2.6! 12.8 1.0!
5009995.3 30.6 3.4 6.4 11.9 5.1  21.8 2.6 
1,000 or more5.5 33.2 5.7 15.3 22.0 6.1  52.4 9.4 
                  
Urbanicity                 
City5.4 27.5 4.0 11.5 18.2 7.7  33.9 3.3 
Suburb2.9 24.6 2.9 5.0 9.3 3.3  18.8 2.6 
Town2.8!30.3 3.1!4.5 10.6 2.9  16.8 2.5!
Rural3.4 21.7 2.4!3.0 5.4 2.2  10.6 2.0 
                  
Percent combined enrollment of
     Black, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific
     Islander, or American Indian/
     Alaska Native students
                 
Less than 5 percent1.2!25.6 2.7!2.8!5.6 2.0! 3.9  
5 to less than 20 percent2.7 24.9 2.5 2.6 5.6 2.1  9.9 1.7!
20 to less than 50 percent3.0 22.1 2.2 5.5 11.5 2.3! 21.3 2.7 
50 percent or more6.2 27.6 4.2 10.5 16.1 7.8  34.2 3.6 
                  
Percent of students eligible for free
     or reduced-price lunch
                 
0251.6 22.6 2.22.7 5.5 1.4! 10.4 1.5 
26503.5 23.5 3.23.6 8.7 2.5  18.2 3.0 
51753.5 26.6 2.97.0 11.4 3.9  19.7 3.4 
761007.0 30.1 4.0!12.8 19.2 10.0  34.9 2.4!
Student/teacher ratio4                                  
Less than 12 3.1   22.7   2.3   5.9   9.7   4.1     15.2   1.9  
12–16 3.0   27.3   3.5   5.5   10.4   3.4     21.9   2.7  
More than 16 7.4 ! 29.3   4.4 ! 7.5   13.5   5.3     30.7   4.5  
                                   
Prevalence of violent incidents5                                  
No violent incidents   10.0       2.1 ! 1.4 !   2.7 !  
Any violent incidents 4.7   30.2   3.8   7.7   13.3   4.9     25.4   3.3  
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Includes schools that reported the activity happens either at least once a week or daily.
2 Includes schools that reported the activity has happened at all at their school during the school year.
3 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
4 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers and aides. The total number of FTE teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment for part-time status.
5 Violent incidents include rape, or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. “At school” was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to respond only for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.
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