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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2008
NCES 2009-022
April 2009

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Table 20.1.

Percentage of public schools that used selected safety and security measures, by school characteristics: School year 2005–06


School characteristic Controlled access during school hours Drug testing Required to wear badges or picture IDs Metal detector checks on students
Sweeps and technology
Buildings (e.g., locked or monitored doors) Grounds (e.g., locked or monitored gates)   Athletes   Students in extra- curricular activities1   Students   Faculty and staff   Random checks2   Required to pass through daily   Random dog sniffs to check for drugs2 Random sweeps for contra- band2,3 Used security cameras to monitor school2   Required students to wear uniforms  
Total  84.9 41.1   5.0   3.4   6.1   47.8   4.9   1.1   23.0 13.1 42.8   13.8  
                                           
School level4                                           
Primary  87.9 44.5   1.3 ! 0.8 ! 2.3   50.8   2.3   0.6 ! 4.1 2.3 31.4   16.4  
Middle  84.4 35.1   6.8   5.0   10.1   52.1   9.0   1.8   40.9 22.3 52.5   14.0  
High school  76.6 36.4   12.7   8.4   16.1   46.6   10.8   2.6   60.6 29.8 69.7   5.4  
Combined  80.1 39.1   13.0   8.8   7.5 ! 22.1   4.8 !   50.1 38.8 54.7   9.4  
                                           
Enrollment size                                           
Less than 300  75.5 31.4   5.9   4.1   3.5   23.8   1.8 !   24.5 15.2 32.5   9.0  
300–499  90.7 40.7   4.2   3.1   2.0   51.3   2.2   0.3 ! 16.7 9.1 41.0   11.9  
500–999  86.8 45.1   4.4   3.1   7.2   58.5   6.1   1.8   20.7 10.9 44.4   18.3  
1,000 or more  85.2 51.5   7.1   3.3   19.4   59.3   15.0   2.7   43.3 26.1 65.7   15.1  
                                           
Urbanicity                                           
City  87.8 53.3   1.4   0.8 ! 9.3   54.0   10.5   3.6   10.8 10.5 40.8   30.5  
Urban fringe  88.2 42.9   2.5   1.5 ! 8.3   61.4   3.3     17.5 9.8 45.5   11.6  
Town  84.4 37.9   8.3   7.1   4.0   42.5   4.6 !   31.6 15.6 46.0   10.3  
Rural  79.5 30.5   9.5   6.3   2.0   30.5   2.1   #   35.7 18.0 40.5   3.9  
                                           
Percent minority enrollment5                                           
Less than 5 percent  82.9 32.8   6.6   3.8   1.6 ! 29.2   0.8 ! #   27.6 15.4 42.3    
5 percent to less than
20 percent 
84.2 32.0   5.2   3.8   3.9   51.2   1.2 ! #   24.0 9.2 40.7   3.6  
20 percent to less than
50 percent 
82.9 39.1   5.8   4.6   7.4   58.1   3.6     27.2 12.9 44.9   8.4  
50 percent or more  87.6 56.3   3.0   1.9   10.1   49.2   11.1   3.3   15.7 14.3 42.1   34.8  
                                           
Percent of students eligible for
free or reduced-price lunch 
                                         
20 percent or less  84.4 34.6   3.0   1.2   6.1   52.1   2.2 ! 0.1   20.2 8.8 42.1   3.8  
21–50 percent  83.0 38.3   6.8   4.6   5.3   48.8   3.1   0.4 ! 27.3 13.2 46.0   6.1  
More than 50 percent  86.6 46.5   4.7   3.6   6.8   44.8   7.7   2.1   21.3 15.4 40.7   24.9  
                                           
Student/teacher ratio6                                           
Less than 12  84.3 36.2   5.2   3.8   4.7   44.0   3.6   0.8 ! 22.6 12.8 40.0   10.8  
12–16  86.9 42.2   6.2   4.2   8.0   52.9   5.4   1.2   25.5 12.9 49.0   14.8  
More than 16  83.1 53.6   2.1   0.6 ! 6.8   49.5   7.9   1.7 ! 19.5 14.6 39.1   20.7  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Excludes athletes.
2 One or more check or sweep.
3 For example, drugs or weapons. Does not include dog sniffs.
4 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
5 These estimates exclude data from the 73 schools that did not report estimates of student race/ethnicity.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers and aides. The total number of FTE teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment for part-time status.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Respondents were instructed to respond only for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session, unless the survey specified otherwise. Population size is 83,200 public schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.
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