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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2008
NCES 2009-022
April 2009

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Table 6.4.

Percentage of public schools experiencing and reporting to the police violent incidents of crime, by the number of incidents per 1,000 students and selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06


Number of violent incidents experienced per 1,000 students Number of violent incidents reported to the police per 1,000 students
School characteristic None 1–2   3–5   6–9   10–14   15–19   20 or more   None 1–2   3–5   6–9   10–14   15–19   20 or more
Total  22.3 1.3   4.8   8.2   9.8   7.8   45.8   62.3 4.5   8.6   6.4   5.6   3.7   9.0
                                                   
School level1                                                   
Primary  32.7 1.6   5.7   7.2   8.5   5.6   38.7   81.3 3.8   6.0   2.6   2.5   1.2 ! 2.7
Middle  5.6 1.2   2.6   6.7   10.4   7.2   66.4   36.9 6.4   10.5   10.8   10.2   6.2   19.1
High school  4.8 1.1   5.0   11.4   16.3   15.2   46.1   22.7 7.1   15.0   15.3   12.6   8.4   18.9
Combined  16.5 #   3.3 ! 12.6 ! 6.9 ! 11.8 ! 49.0   53.8   11.9 ! 7.9 ! 4.8 ! 7.1 ! 13.3
                                                   
Enrollment size                                                   
Less than 300  36.3 #   2.6 ! 6.8   7.1   6.2   40.9   73.4 0.5 ! 4.8   5.4   4.7   3.1 ! 8.2
300–499  22.7   6.3   8.5   10.3   4.6   47.3   75.2   10.8   3.5   3.1   2.2   4.6
500–999  17.9 2.9   4.3   7.6   9.9   10.5   46.9   56.9 8.7   8.2   6.4   6.0   4.1   9.7
1,000 or more  3.5 2.0   7.4   12.2   14.4   11.0   49.5   21.6 10.2   12.9   15.6   12.2   7.7   20.0
                                                   
Urbanicity                                                   
City  17.7 1.7 ! 6.1   6.8   8.7   6.3   52.8   58.1 6.7   8.3   5.0   5.4   4.0   12.5
Urban fringe  21.8 1.4 ! 4.7   9.3   12.2   8.8   41.9   64.5 5.4   7.9   7.7   4.3   2.9   7.3
Town  17.8   5.3 ! 3.4 ! 10.0   10.1   51.9   57.6 3.0 ! 9.7   5.6   9.9   5.4 ! 8.7
Rural  27.7 1.0 ! 3.7   9.6   8.2   7.2   42.5   64.9 2.4   9.3   6.2   5.6   3.7   7.9
                                                   
Percent minority enrollment2                                                   
Less than 5 percent  28.4 0.9 ! 4.0 ! 10.8   9.1   7.7   39.1   67.2 2.8   8.8   7.1   5.9   3.3   5.0
5 percent to
less than 20 percent 
26.5   5.4   7.2   10.6   8.0   40.9   65.3 3.4   9.2   6.5   5.2   4.1   6.3
20 percent to
less than 50 percent 
20.3 2.0 ! 4.9   9.3   10.6   9.7   43.1   60.7 5.0   8.1   5.7   6.1   3.2   11.3
50 percent or more  17.1 1.2 ! 4.3   6.7   9.0   6.1   55.6   57.3 6.3   8.8   5.9   5.5   4.1   12.2
                                                   
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch 
20 percent or less  32.0 2.4   6.3   9.6   11.5   8.9   29.3   69.2 5.7   7.9   6.3   4.2   2.8   3.9
21–50 percent  20.3 1.2 ! 4.5   9.4   11.4   8.0   45.3   60.0 4.6   9.1   7.5   6.2   3.8   9.0
More than 50 percent  18.6 0.9 ! 4.2   6.4   7.7   7.1   55.0   60.5 3.8   8.6   5.6   5.8   4.1   11.7
                                                   
Student/teacher ratio3                                                   
Less than 12  27.0 0.9   4.2   7.2   8.8   6.1   46.0   65.4 2.8   7.9   5.3   5.8   4.3   8.5
12–16  17.6 1.9   5.1   9.4   11.0   9.0   45.8   59.8 4.6   9.6   7.9   5.3   3.0   9.8
More than 16  17.0 1.6 ! 6.3   8.8   10.5   10.5   45.3   58.1 9.2   8.9   6.6   5.3   3.2   8.7
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
2 These estimates exclude data from the 73 schools that did not report estimates of student race/ethnicity.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers and aides. The total number of FTE teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment for part-time status.
NOTE: Table was revised on November 23, 2009. Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to include incidents that occurred before, during, or after normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.
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