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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2008
NCES 2009-022
April 2009

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Table 6.3.

Percentage of public schools reporting incidents of crime to the police, number of incidents, and the rate of crimes per 1,000 students, by type of crime and selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06


School characteristic Total number of schools   Violent incidents1   Serious violent incidents2   Theft3   Other incidents4
Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students
 
Total  83,200   37.7 353,600 7.4   12.6 31,700   0.7   27.9 119,400 2.5   50.6 290,000 6.1
                                     
School level5                                     
Primary  48,600   18.7 40,700 1.8   6.2 6,300   0.3   12.5 11,600 0.5   34.1 46,800 2.1
Middle  15,500   63.1 131,200 13.0   19.7 9,500   0.9   43.3 28,900 2.9   72.6 70,100 6.9
High school  11,700   77.3 154,400 12.7   29.5 13,500   1.1   67.6 67,700 5.5   86.9 145,600 11.9
Combined  7,400   46.2 27,200 8.6   13.2 2,500 ! 0.8 ! 33.9 11,200 3.5   55.3 27,500 8.7
                                     
Enrollment size                                     
Less than 300  20,800   26.6 23,500 5.5   8.4 4,000   0.9   14.1 6,800 1.6   36.4 24,800 5.8
300–499  23,800   24.8 29,200 3.1   6.1 3,000   0.3   18.5 10,000 1.1   39.6 30,200 3.2
500–999  29,300   43.1 125,600 6.4   14.1 10,900   0.6   32.1 39,800 2.0   57.2 89,100 4.5
1,000 or more  9,300   78.4 175,300 12.4   34.1 13,700   1.0   69.4 62,700 4.4   89.7 145,900 10.3
                                     
Urbanicity                                     
City  21,000   41.9 134,100 9.3   18.5 14,800   1.0   31.4 39,300 2.7   54.4 104,500 7.3
Urban fringe  27,600   35.5 126,700 6.6   11.4 9,300   0.5   29.1 46,100 2.4   51.5 105,200 5.4
Town  8,200   42.4 31,500 7.7   12.3 2,000 ! 0.5   32.6 10,900 2.7   58.4 24,000 5.9
Rural  26,400   35.1 61,400 6.1   9.4 5,600   0.6   22.3 23,100 2.3   44.3 56,300 5.6
                                     
Percent minority enrollment6                                     
Less than 5 percent  16,600   32.8 33,400 5.2   7.3 2,600   0.4   21.9 13,200 2.0   41.4 28,500 4.4
5 percent to
less than 20 percent 
20,600   34.7 61,900 5.3   11.5 6,000   0.5   26.8 33,600 2.9   45.2 67,000 5.7
20 percent to
less than 50 percent 
18,600   39.3 91,900 8.0   12.1 6,700   0.6   30.0 32,800 2.9   52.0 69,700 6.1
50 percent or more  25,600   42.7 159,100 9.4   17.4 16,100   0.9   30.9 36,700 2.2   59.0 117,200 6.9
                                     
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch 
20 percent or less  19,200   30.8 51,600 4.0   9.4 4,700   0.4   28.5 33,800 2.6   44.0 64,900 5.1
21–50 percent  27,600   40.0 136,400 8.2   13.0 9,900   0.6   31.6 49,600 3.0   50.8 105,800 6.4
More than 50 percent  36,400   39.5 165,700 9.0   14.0 17,100   0.9   24.7 36,000 2.0   54.0 119,300 6.5
                                     
Student/teacher ratio7                                     
Less than 12  42,200   34.6 125,000 6.9   10.5 11,900   0.7   23.1 40,400 2.2   45.5 94,000 5.2
12–16  27,000   40.2 142,100 7.9   12.8 11,200   0.6   30.5 48,500 2.7   54.6 110,400 6.2
More than 16  14,000   41.9 86,500 7.3   18.7 8,600   0.7   37.4 30,500 2.6   58.5 85,700 7.2
! Interpret data with caution.
1 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon. Serious violent incidents are also included in violent incidents.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny (taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing a purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or of motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device; possession of a knife or sharp object; distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol; and vandalism.
5 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
6 These estimates exclude data from the 73 schools that did not report estimates of student race/ethnicity.
7 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers and aides. The total number of FTE teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment for part-time status.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to include incidents that occurred before, during, or after normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates of number of incidents and schools are rounded to the nearest 100.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.
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