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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2007
NCES 2008-021
December 2007

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Table 20.2.

Percentage of public schools that used safety and security measures: Various school years, 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2005-06


School safety and security measure 1999–2000 2003–04 2005–06
       
Controlled access during school hours      
Buildings (e.g. locked or monitored doors) 74.6 83.0 84.9
Grounds (e.g. locked or monitored gates) 33.7 36.2 41.1
Closed the campus for most students during lunch 64.6 66.0 66.1
Drug testing and tobacco use      
Any students 4.1 5.3
Athletes 4.2 5.0
Students in extracurricular activities other than athletics 2.6 3.4
Any other students 3.0
Prohibited all tobacco use on school grounds 90.1 88.8 90.3
Required to wear badges or picture IDs      
Students 3.9 6.4 6.1
Faculty and staff 25.4 48.0 47.8
Metal detector checks on students
Random checks1 7.2 5.6 4.9
Required to pass through daily 0.9 1.1 1.1
Sweeps and technology      
Random dog sniffs to check for drugs1 20.6 21.3 23.0
Random sweeps for contraband1,2 11.8 12.8 13.1
Used security cameras to monitor school1 19.4 36.0 42.8
Provided telephones in most classrooms 44.6 60.8 66.8
Provided two-way radios 71.2 70.8
Visitor requirements      
Sign-in or check in 96.6 98.3 97.6
Pass through metal detectors 0.9 0.9 1.0
Dress code      
Required students to wear uniforms 11.8 13.8 13.8
Enforced a strict dress code 47.4 55.1 55.3
School supplies and equipment      
Required clear book bags or banned book bags on school grounds 5.9 6.2 6.4
Provided school lockers to students 46.5 49.5 50.6
— Not available.
1 One or more check or sweep.
2 For example, drugs or weapons. Does not include dog sniffs.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Respondents were instructed to respond only for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session, unless the survey specified otherwise. Population sizes of public schools are 82,000 in 1999–2000, 80,500 in 2003–04, and 83,200 in 2005–06.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1999–2000, 2003–04, and 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000, 2004, and 2006.
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