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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2007
NCES 2008-021
December 2007

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Table 20.1.

Percentage of public schools that used selected safety and security measures, by school characteristics: School year 2005-06


  Controlled access during
school hours
Drug testing Required to wear badges
or picture IDs
Metal detector checks
on students
Sweeps and technology  
School characteristic Buildings (e.g., locked or monitored doors) Grounds (e.g., locked or monitored gates) Athletes Students
in extra-
curricular
activities1
Students Faculty
and staff
Random
checks2
Required
to pass
through
daily
Random
dog sniffs
to check
for drugs2
Random
sweeps
for contra-
band2,3
Used
security
cameras
to monitor
school2
Required
students
to wear
uniforms
                         
Total 84.9 41.1 5.0 3.4 6.1 47.8 4.9 1.1 23.0 13.1 42.8 13.8
                         
School level4
Primary 87.9 44.5 1.3! 0.8! 2.3 50.8 2.3 0.6! 4.1 2.3 31.4 16.4
Middle 84.4 35.1 6.8 5.0 10.1 52.1 9.0 1.8 40.9 22.3 52.5 14.0
High school 76.6 36.4 12.7 8.4 16.1 46.6 10.8 2.6 60.6 29.8 69.7 5.4
Combined 80.1 39.1 13.0 8.8 7.5! 22.1 4.8! 50.1 38.8 54.7 9.4
                         
Enrollment size
Less than 300 75.5 31.4 5.9 4.1 3.5 23.8 1.8! 24.5 15.2 32.5 9.0
300–499 90.7 40.7 4.2 3.1 2.0 51.3 2.2 0.3! 16.7 9.1 41.0 11.9
500–999 86.8 45.1 4.4 3.1 7.2 58.5 6.1 1.8 20.7 10.9 44.4 18.3
1,000 or more 85.2 51.5 7.1 3.3 19.4 59.3 15.0 2.7 43.3 26.1 65.7 15.1
                         
Urbanicity
City 87.8 53.3 1.4 0.8! 9.3 54.0 10.5 3.6 10.8 10.5 40.8 30.5
Urban fringe 88.2 42.9 2.5 1.5! 8.3 61.4 3.3 17.5 9.8 45.5 11.6
Town 84.4 37.9 8.3 7.1 4.0 42.5 4.6! 31.6 15.6 46.0 10.3
Rural 79.5 30.5 9.5 6.3 2.0 30.5 2.1 # 35.7 18.0 40.5 3.9
                         
Percent minority enrollment5
Less than 5 percent 82.9 32.8 6.6 3.8 1.6! 29.2 0.8! # 27.6 15.4 42.3
5 to 20 percent 84.2 32.0 5.2 3.8 3.9 51.2 1.2! # 24.0 9.2 40.7 3.6
20 to 50 percent 82.9 39.1 5.8 4.6 7.4 58.1 3.6 27.2 12.9 44.9 8.4
50 percent or more        87.6 56.3 3.0 1.9 10.1 49.2 11.1 3.3 15.7 14.3 42.1 34.8
                         
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch
0–20 percent 84.4 34.6 3.0 1.2 6.1 52.1 2.2! 0.1 20.2 8.8 42.1 3.8
21–50 percent 83.0 38.3 6.8 4.6 5.3 48.8 3.1 0.4! 27.3 13.2 46.0 6.1
More than 50 percent 86.6 46.5 4.7 3.6 6.8 44.8 7.7 2.1 21.3 15.4 40.7 24.9
                         
Student/teacher ratio6
Less than 12 84.3 36.2 5.2 3.8 4.7 44.0 3.6 0.8! 22.6 12.8 40.0 10.8
12–16 86.9 42.2 6.2 4.2 8.0 52.9 5.4 1.2 25.5 12.9 49.0 14.8
More than 16 83.1 53.6 2.1 0.6! 6.8 49.5 7.9 1.7! 19.5 14.6 39.1 20.7
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Excludes athletes.
2 One or more check or sweep.
3 For example, drugs or weapons. Does not include dog sniffs.
4 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
5 These estimates exclude data from the 73 schools that did not report estimates of student race/ethnicity.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers and aides. The total number of FTE teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment for part-time status.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Respondents were instructed to respond only for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session, unless the survey specified otherwise. Population size is 83,200 public schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.
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