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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2007
NCES 2008-021
December 2007

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Table 8.1.

Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported that gangs were present at school during the previous 6 months, by urbanicity and selected student and school characteristics: 2001, 2003, and 2005


Student or
school characteristic
2001 2003 2005
Total Urban Suburban Rural Total Urban Suburban Rural Total Urban Suburban Rural
                         
Total 20.1 28.9 18.3 13.3 20.9 30.9 18.4 12.3 23.8 35.6 20.5 16.3
                         
Sex                        
Male 21.4 31.9 18.9 14.0 22.3 32.1 20.5 12.2 25.0 36.7 22.3 15.8
Female 18.8 25.9 17.5 12.5 19.5 29.7 16.3 12.4 22.6 34.5 18.6 16.8
                         
Race/ethnicity1                        
White 15.5 20.5 15.4 12.1 14.2 19.8 13.8 10.7 16.6 23.3 15.8 14.0
Black 28.6 32.4 25.4 22.5 29.5 32.8 28.3 21.8! 36.6 41.2 34.8 23.9
Hispanic 32.0 40.3 27.1 16.8! 37.2 42.6 34.6 12.7! 38.4 48.1 32.1 25.7
Other 21.4 27.0 20.0 22.0 30.6 18.2 22.5 27.0 21.6 14.4!
                         
Grade                        
6th 11.2 14.9 9.0 11.0 10.9 21.6 7.5 12.0 19.6 8.8 8.2!
7th 15.7 23.7 13.7 8.9 16.3 25.5 13.2 9.4 17.3 24.1 14.9 15.4
8th 17.3 24.0 16.6 10.1 17.9 25.2 16.2 10.9 18.7 30.4 14.0 14.4
9th 24.3 35.3 20.8 18.9 26.1 38.2 24.3 13.8 27.9 39.1 24.5 20.7
10th 23.6 33.1 22.3 14.4 26.3 35.3 24.1 18.0 32.0 49.7 27.6 21.5
11th 24.2 34.2 22.7 15.8 23.4 34.6 20.4 15.0 27.8 43.5 25.4 13.8!
12th 21.1 34.1 18.6 11.5! 22.2 34.8 19.3 13.3 27.1 38.7 24.3 15.4!
                         
Sector                        
Public 21.6 31.9 19.5 13.7 22.5 33.7 19.9 12.8 25.4 38.5 22.0 17.0
Private 4.9 5.0 4.3! 3.9 6.0 2.4! 4.2 7.7 3.0! #
# No cases are reported, although the event defined could have been reported by some students with these characteristics had a different sample been drawn.
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Other includes American Indian, Alaska Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, and, from 2003 onward, more than one race. For this report, non-Hispanic students who identified themselves as more than one race were included in the Other category. Respondents who identified themselves as being of Hispanic origin are classified as Hispanic, regardless of their race. Due to changes in racial/ethnic categories, comparisons of race/ethnicity across years should be made with caution.
NOTE: All gangs, whether or not they are involved in violent or illegal activity, are included. "At school" includes the school building, on school property, on a school bus, or going to and from school. In 2005, the unit response rate for this survey did not meet NCES statistical standards; therefore, interpret the data with caution. For more information, please see appendix A. Population sizes for students ages 12–18 are 24,315,000 in 2001; 25,684,000 in 2003; and 25,811,000 in 2005.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey, various years, 2001–2005.
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