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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2007
NCES 2008-021
December 2007

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Table 6.3.

Percentage of public schools reporting incidents of crime that occurred at school to the police, number of incidents, and the rate of crimes per 1,000 students, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005-06


    Violent incidents1 Serious violent incidents2 Theft3 Other incidents4
School characteristic Number
of
schools
Percent
of
schools
Number
of
incidents
Rate
per 1,000
students
Percent
of
schools
Number
of
incidents
Rate
per 1,000
students
Percent
of
schools
Number
of
incidents
Rate
per 1,000
students
Percent
of
schools
Number
of
incidents
Rate
per 1,000
students
                           
Total 31,400 37.7 353,600 7.4 12.6 31,700 0.7 27.9 119,400 2.5 50.6 290,000 6.1
                           
School level5
Primary 9,100 18.7 40,700 1.8 6.2 6,300 0.3 12.5 11,600 0.5 34.1 46,800 2.1
Middle 9,800 63.1 131,200 13.0 19.7 9,500 0.9 43.3 28,900 2.9 72.6 70,100 6.9
High school 9,000 77.3 154,400 12.7 29.5 13,500 1.1 67.6 67,700 5.5 86.9 145,600 11.9
Combined 3,400 46.2 27,200 8.6 13.2 2,500! 0.8! 33.9 11,200 3.5 55.3 27,500 8.7
                           
Enrollment size
Less than 300 5,500 26.6 23,500 5.5 8.4 4,000 0.9 14.1 6,800 1.6 36.4 24,800 5.8
300–499 5,900 24.8 29,200 3.1 6.1 3,000 0.3 18.5 10,000 1.1 39.6 30,200 3.2
500–999 12,600 43.1 125,600 6.4 14.1 10,900 0.6 32.1 39,800 2.0 57.2 89,100 4.5
1,000 or more 7,300 78.4 175,300 12.4 34.1 13,700 1.0 69.4 62,700 4.4 89.7 145,900 10.3
                           
Urbanicity
City 8,800 41.9 134,100 9.3 18.5 14,800 1.0 31.4 39,300 2.7 54.4 104,500 7.3
Urban fringe 9,800 35.5 126,700 6.6 11.4 9,300 0.5 29.1 46,100 2.4 51.5 105,200 5.4
Town 3,500 42.4 31,500 7.7 12.3 2,000! 0.5 32.6 10,900 2.7 58.4 24,000 5.9
Rural 9,300 35.1 61,400 6.1 9.4 5,600 0.6 22.3 23,100 2.3 44.3 56,300 5.6
                           
Percent minority enrollment6
Less than 5 percent 5,400 32.8 33,400 5.2 7.3 2,600 0.4 21.9 13,200 2.0 41.4 28,500 4.4
5 to 20 percent 7,100 34.7 61,900 5.3 11.5 6,000 0.5 26.8 33,600 2.9 45.2 67,000 5.7
20 to 50 percent 7,300 39.3 91,900 8.0 12.1 6,700 0.6 30.0 32,800 2.9 52.0 69,700 6.1
50 percent or more 10,900 42.7 159,100 9.4 17.4 16,100 0.9 30.9 36,700 2.2 59.0 117,200 6.9
                           
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch
0–20 percent 5,900 30.8 51,600 4.0 9.4 4,700 0.4 28.5 33,800 2.6 44.0 64,900 5.1
21–50 percent 11,100 40.0 136,400 8.2 13.0 9,900 0.6 31.6 49,600 3.0 50.8 105,800 6.4
More than 50 percent 14,400 39.5 165,700 9.0 14.0 17,100 0.9 24.7 36,000 2.0 54.0 119,300 6.5
                           
Student/teacher ratio7
Less than 12 14,600 34.6 125,000 6.9 10.5 11,900 0.7 23.1 40,400 2.2 45.5 94,000 5.2
12–16 10,900 40.2 142,100 7.9 12.8 11,200 0.6 30.5 48,500 2.7 54.6 110,400 6.2
More than 16 5,900 41.9 86,500 7.3 18.7 8,600 0.7 37.4 30,500 2.6 58.5 85,700 7.2
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon. Serious violent incidents are also included in violent incidents.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny (taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing a purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or of motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device, possession of a knife or sharp object, distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol, and vandalism.
5 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
6 These estimates exclude data from the 73 schools that did not report estimates of student race/ethnicity.
7 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers and aides. The total number of FTE teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment for part-time status.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to respond only for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session, unless the survey specified otherwise. Population size is 83,200 public schools. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates of number of incidents and schools are rounded to the nearest 100.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.
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