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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2005

Indicator 8:
Discipline Problems Reported by Public Schools


Table 8.1. Percentage of public schools that reported selected discipline problems by frequency, by school characteristics: 1998–2000
School characteristic Happens at least once a week1 Happens at all2
Student racial tensions Student bullying Student verbal abuse of teachers Widespread disorder in classrooms Student acts of disrespect for teachers Undesirable gang activities3 Undesirable cult or extremist group activities4
 
    Total 3.4 29.3 12.5 3.1 19.4 18.7 6.7
 
School level5
  Primary 2.9 26.3 8.1 2.3 13.3 11.1 1.8
  Middle 5.9 43.4 21.8 5.3 30.0 30.8 13.1
  Secondary 3.1 24.7 17.4 3.2 28.7 36.6 18.9
  Combined 1.4 26.4 16.3 3.6 26.0 14.6 7.0
 
Enrollment
  Less than 300 1.0 22.7 7.1 1.3 14.7 7.9 2.7
  300-499 2.6 27.6 9.6 2.6 14.2 11.7 4.1
  500-999 4.7 33.2 14.4 4.3 22.1 23.7 6.6
  1,000 or more 6.8 35.4 26.5 4.3 34.6 44.4 23.0
 
Urbanicity
  City 5.2 32.2 20.2 6.0 24.8 31.7 7.5
  Urban fringe 3.4 28.9 12.6 2.0 19.2 17.4 7.9
  Town 4.5 31.0 8.7 2.2 21.5 15.3 8.1
  Rural 1.6 26.8 8.3 2.5 14.8 11.5 4.4
 
Minority enrollment
  Less than 10 percent 1.4 26.3 7.7 1.4 14.8 8.0 4.6
  10 to 24 percent 4.4 32.3 13.5 3.5 19.6 15.4 9.0
  25 to 50 percent 3.5 25.8 13.8 1.9 20.1 23.9 8.3
  50 to 74 percent 7.4 33.1 16.4 5.1 24.0 28.4 10.0
  75 percent or more 4.8 35.6 20.5 7.1 28.2 37.0 6.2
 
Free/reduced-price lunch eligibility
  0-20 percent 1.8 23.8 8.1 1.8 13.2 11.7 6.1
  21-50 percent 1.9 29.4 11.4 2.2 19.1 15.8 7.8
  More than 50 percent 6.1 33.3 17.0 4.9 24.5 26.7 6.1
 
Student/teacher ratio
  Less than 12 2.5 29.8 13.5 2.5 21.5 14.0 5.8
  12-16 3.8 30.6 11.2 3.4 19.5 20.0 6.6
  More than 16 3.8 29.5 14.0 3.7 18.1 22.8 7.8
 
Prevalence of violent incidents6
  No violent incidents 1.4 17.1 6.8 0.5 8.1 6.4 1.5
  Any violent incidents 4.2 34.1 14.8 4.2 24.0 23.6 8.8
1 Includes schools that reported the activity happens either once a week or daily.
2 Includes schools that reported the activity has happened at all at their school.
3 A gang was defined for respondents as "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior."
4 A cult or extremist group was defined for respondents as "a group that espouses radical beliefs and practices, which may include a religious component, that are widely seen as threatening the basic values and cultural norms of society at large."
5 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K-12 schools.
6 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Either school principals or the person most knowledgeable about discipline issues at school completed the SSOCS questionnaire. Population size is 82,000 public schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.



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