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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2005

Indicator 7:
Violent and Other Incidents at Public Schools and Those Reported to the Police


Table 7.2. Percentage of public schools experiencing incidents of crime, number of incidents, and the rate of crimes per 1,000 students, by selected school characteristics: 1998–2000
School characteristic Num-
ber of schools
Violent incidents1 Serious violent incidents2 Theft3 Other incidents4
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
Rate per 1,000 students Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
Rate per 1,000 students Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
Rate per 1,000 students Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
Rate per 1,000 students
 
    Total 82,000 71.4 1,466,400 31 19.7 60,700 1 45.6 217,900 5 72.7 575,000 12
 
School level5
  Primary 49,900 61.1 717,400 31 14.4 23,000 1 30.3 42,200 2 62.0 167,400 7
  Middle 15,400 87.4 441,300 46 29.4 18,200 2 64.5 62,700 7 88.7 170,100 18
  Secondary 11,900 91.7 261,400 22 29.2 15,200 1 79.5 100,500 9 92.7 203,800 17
  Combined 4,800 76.9 46,300 24 20.6 4,400 2 60.5 12,500 7 83.0 33,800 18
 
Enrollment
  Less than 300 20,100 60.7 115,400 31 9.9 6,900 2 33.0 21,900 6 60.4 53,400 14
  300-499 22,800 68.2 301,100 33 15.7 9,500 1 39.9 34,600 4 65.8 102,100 11
  500-999 30,400 75.8 755,100 37 24.5 27,500 1 50.5 73,600 4 80.2 228,200 11
  1,000 or more 8,700 89.3 294,700 22 36.2 16,800 1 72.4 87,700 7 93.0 191,300 14
 
Urbanicity
  City 19,400 77.3 494,000 37 27.4 22,100 2 52.6 67,400 5 80.3 182,200 13
  Urban fringe 26,400 67.5 453,000 25 22.1 22,000 1 43.9 82,100 4 68.6 201,800 11
  Town 10,400 73.6 221,300 44 20.0 7,100 1 45.9 23,000 5 75.1 64,300 13
  Rural 25,800 70.2 298,000 31 11.5 9,500 1 41.9 45,300 5 70.1 126,700 13
 
Minority enrollment
  Less than 10
  percent
32,000 69.4 368,900 25 14.6 11,200 1 43.8 67,700 5 69.1 175,000 12
  10 to 24
  percent
13,800 70.5 221,800 27 20.8 10,900 1 43.9 44,800 5 70.6 105,500 13
  25 to 50
  percent
13,400 71.8 294,600 35 21.7 16,000 2 45.7 38,600 5 78.4 116,700 14
  50 to 74
  percent
8,800 75.3 179,600 31 24.7 8,600 1 52.9 31,300 5 79.3 73,100 13
  75 percent or
  more
12,900 73.1 382,300 42 26.8 13,400 1 46.1 32,900 4 73.3 98,200 11
 
Free/reduced-price lunch eligibility
  0-20 percent 23,000 68.1 288,300 19 16.2 11,200 1 46.4 74,600 5 68.9 160,000 11
  21-50 percent 28,800 70.9 499,800 32 18.5 18,500 1 47.2 84,400 5 73.6 217,200 14
  More than 50
  percent
30,100 74.4 678,300 42 23.6 31,000 2 43.4 58,900 4 74.7 197,800 12
 
Student/teacher ratio6
  Less than 12 27,400 68.2 371,500 33 15.8 13,300 1 41.7 57,200 5 72.8 152,800 14
  12-16 27,200 71.5 520,800 32 19.6 22,300 1 48.8 74,300 5 70.5 202,900 12
  More than 16 23,200 77.8 510,400 31 24.9 22,000 1 48.7 78,200 5 78.3 196,200 12
1 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents are also included in violent incidents. Serious violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny (taking things over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as, "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device, possession of a knife or sharp object, distribution of illegal drugs, possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs, sexual harassment, or vandalism.
5 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K-12 schools.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
NOTE: Either school principals or the person most knowledgeable about discipline issues at school completed the SSOCS questionnaire. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and missing data on school characteristics. Estimates of number of schools and number of incidents were rounded to the nearest 100.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.



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