|Figure 18-2: Percentage of students in kindergarten through grade 8 who had ever been retained in a grade during their school career, by race/ethnicity: 1996 and 2007|
NOTE: All data are based on parent reports. Not all race/ethnicity categories are shown. Race categories excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. For more information on race/ethnicity, see supplemental note 1. For more information on the National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), see supplemental note 3.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the 1996 and 2007 NHES (PFI-NHES:1996 and 2007).