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Table A-8. Average PISA scores of 15-year-old students on combined science literacy scale, by jurisdiction: 2000, 2003, and 2006
  2000   2003   2006
Jurisdiction Average score   s.e.   Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.
OECD average   500   0.7   500 0.6   500 0.5
 
OECD                        
Australia 528   3.5   525 2.1   527 2.3
Austria 519   2.6   491 3.4   511 3.9
Belgium   496   4.3   509 2.5   510 2.5
Canada 529   1.6   519 2.0   534 2.0
Czech Republic   511   2.4   523 3.4   513 3.5
Denmark 481   2.8   475 3.0     496 3.1
Finland 538   2.5   548 1.9   563 2.0
France   500   3.2   511 3.0     495 3.4
Germany   487   2.4   502 3.6   516 3.8
Greece 461   4.9   481 3.8   473 3.2
Hungary   496   4.2     503 2.8   504 2.7
Iceland   496   2.2   495 1.5     491 1.6
Ireland   513   3.2   505 2.7   508 3.2
Italy 478   3.1   486 3.1   475 2.0
Japan 550   5.5   548 4.1   531 3.4
Korea 552   2.7   538 3.5   522 3.4
Luxembourg 443   2.3   483 1.5     486 1.1
Mexico 422   3.2   405 3.5   410 2.7
Netherlands   (3)     524 3.1   525 2.7
New Zealand 528   2.4   521 2.4   530 2.7
Norway   500   2.8   484 2.9     487 3.1
Poland   483   5.1     498 2.9     498 2.3
Portugal 459   4.0   468 3.5   474 3.0
Slovak Republic       495 3.7     488 2.6
Spain   491   3.0     487 2.6     488 2.6
Sweden   512   2.5   506 2.7   503 2.4
Switzerland   496   4.4   513 3.7   512 3.2
Turkey       434 5.9   424 3.8
United Kingdom 532   2.7     (4)   515 2.3
United States   499   7.3     491 3.1     489 4.2
 
Non-OECD                        
Albania 376 5 2.9        
Argentina 396 5 8.6       391 6.1
Azerbaijan           382 2.8
Brazil 375   3.3     390 4.3   390 2.8
Bulgaria 448 5 4.6       434 6.1
Chile 415 5 3.4       438 4.3
Chinese Taipei           532 3.6
Colombia           388 3.4
Croatia             493 2.4
Estonia           531 2.5
Hong Kong-China 541 5 3.0   539 4.3   542 2.5
Indonesia 393 5 3.9   395 3.2   393 5.7
Israel 434 5 9.0       454 3.7
Jordan           422 2.8
Kyrgyz Republic           322 2.9
Latvia 460   5.6     489 3.9     490 3.0
Liechtenstein 476   7.1   525 4.3   522 4.1
Lithuania             488 2.8
Macao-China       525 3.0   511 1.1
Macedonia, FYR 401   2.1        
Montenegro, Republic of6       436 3.5   412 1.1
Peru 333   4.0        
Qatar           349 0.9
Romania 441   3.4       418 4.2
Russian Federation 460   4.7   489 4.1     479 3.7
Serbia, Republic of6       436 3.5   436 3.0
Slovenia           519 1.1
Thailand 436 5 3.1   429 2.7   421 2.1
Tunisia       385 2.6   386 3.0
Uruguay       438 2.9   428 2.7
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score.
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score.
— Not available. (Data were not collected or not reported)
† Not applicable.
1Tests for significance have been updated from what was presented in the Program for International Student Assessment 2000 U.S. report (Lemke et al. 2001). Some country differences reported here were not reported as statistically significant in the PISA 2000 U.S. report. In that report, a Bonferroni adjustment was used in all multiple comparisons of countries. This was not the case when PISA 2003 and 2006 data were analyzed and reported, thus PISA 2000 tests have been updated in this report to keep consistency across years. For more details, see appendix A.
2The science framework was revised for PISA 2006. Because of changes in the framework, it is not possible to compare science learning outcomes from PISA 2006 with those of earlier PISA assessments. The line dividing PISA 2006 results from those of PISA 2000 and PISA 2003 indicates that these data are not comparable. For more details, see OECD 2007 (available at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/30/17/39703267.pdf).
3Because of technical problems with its sample, 2000 data for the Netherlands have been omitted from PISA reports.
4Because of low response rates, 2003 data for the United Kingdom have been omitted from PISA reports.
5Did not participate with other jurisdictions in PISA in 2000; administered PISA in 2001.
6The Republics of Montenegro and Serbia were a united jurisdiction for the PISA 2003 assessment.
NOTE: The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member jurisdictions. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD jurisdictions and are not included in the OECD average. Jurisdictions are ordered alphabetically. Combined science literacy scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one country may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another country may not be significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000, 2003, and 2006.
                         
For more information: Baldi, S., Jin, Y., Skemer, M., Green, P.J., and Herget, D. (2007). Highlights From PISA 2006: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2008–016), table 2 and table C-2. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2004). Learning for Tomorrow’s World: First Results from PISA 2003, figure 6.10. Paris: Author; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2003). Literacy Skills for the World of Tomorrow: Further Results from PISA 2000, figure 3.5. Paris: Author.
 
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