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Table A-2. Average PISA scores of 15-year-old students on combined reading literacy scale, by jurisdiction: 2000, 2003, and 2006
  20001   2003   2006
Jurisdiction Average score   s.e.   Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.
OECD average   500   0.6     494 0.7   492 0.6
 
OECD                      
Australia 528   3.5   525 2.1   513 2.1
Austria   507   2.4     491 3.8   490 4.1
Belgium   507   3.6   507 2.6   501 3.0
Canada 534   1.6   528 1.7   527 2.4
Czech Republic   492   2.4     489 3.5   483 4.2
Denmark   497   2.4     492 2.8   494 3.2
Finland 546   2.6   543 1.6   547 2.1
France   505   2.7     496 2.7   488 4.1
Germany 484   2.5     491 3.4   495 4.4
Greece 474   5.0   472 4.1   460 4.0
Hungary 480   4.0   482 2.5   482 3.3
Iceland   507   1.5     492 1.6   484 1.9
Ireland 527   3.2   515 2.6   517 3.5
Italy 487   2.9   476 3.0   469 2.4
Japan 522   5.2     498 3.9   498 3.6
Korea, Republic of 525   2.4   534 3.1   556 3.8
Luxembourg 441   1.6   479 1.5   479 1.3
Mexico 422   3.3   400 4.1   410 3.1
Netherlands   (2)     513 2.9   507 2.9
New Zealand 529   2.8   522 2.5   521 3.0
Norway   505   2.8     500 2.8   484 3.2
Poland 479   4.5     497 2.9   508 2.8
Portugal 470   4.5   478 3.7   472 3.6
Slovak Republic       469 3.1   466 3.1
Spain   493   2.7   481 2.6   461 2.2
Sweden   516   2.2   514 2.4   507 3.4
Switzerland   494   4.2     499 3.3   499 3.1
Turkey       441 5.8   447 4.2
United Kingdom 523   2.6     (3)   495 2.3
United States   504   7.0     495 3.2   (4)
 
Non-OECD                      
Albania 349 5 3.3      
Argentina 418 5 9.9       374 7.2
Azerbaijan           353 3.1
Brazil 396   3.1   403 4.6   393 3.7
Bulgaria 430 5 4.9       402 6.9
Chile 410 5 3.6       442 5.0
Chinese Taipei           496 3.4
Colombia           385 5.1
Croatia           477 2.8
Estonia           501 2.9
Hong Kong-China 525 5 2.9   510 3.7   536 2.4
Indonesia 371 5 4.0   382 3.4   393 5.9
Israel 452 5 8.5       439 4.6
Jordan           401 3.3
Kyrgyz Republic           285 3.5
Latvia 458   5.3     491 3.7   479 3.7
Liechtenstein 483   4.1   525 3.6   510 3.9
Lithuania           470 3.0
Macao-China         498 2.2   492 1.1
Macedonia, FYR 373 5 1.9      
Montenegro, Republic of6       412 3.6   392 1.2
Peru 327 5 4.4      
Qatar           312 1.2
Romania 428   3.5       396 4.7
Russian Federation 462   4.2   442 3.9   440 4.3
Serbia, Republic of6       412 3.6   401 3.5
Slovenia           494 1.0
Thailand 431 5 3.2   420 2.8   417 2.6
Tunisia       375 2.8   380 4.0
Uruguay       434 3.4   413 3.4
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score.
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score.
— Not available. (Data were not collected or not reported.)
† Not applicable.
1Tests for significance have been updated from what was presented in the Program for International Student Assessment 2000 U.S. report (Lemke et al. 2001). Some country differences reported here were not reported as statistically significant in the PISA 2000 U.S. report. In that report, a Bonferroni adjustment was used in all multiple comparisons of countries. This was not the case when PISA 2003 and 2006 data were analyzed and reported, thus PISA 2000 tests have been updated in this report to keep consistency across years. For more details, see appendix A.
2Because of technical problems with its sample, 2000 data for the Netherlands have been omitted from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) reports.
3 Because of low response rates, 2003 data for the United Kingdom have been omitted from PISA reports.
4PISA 2006 reading literacy results for the United States were compromised because of an error in printing the test booklets.
5Did not participate with other jurisdictions in PISA in 2000; administered PISA in 2001.
6The Republics of Montenegro and Serbia were a united jurisdiction for the PISA 2003 assessment.
NOTE: The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member jurisdictions. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD jurisdictions and are not included in the OECD average. Jurisdictions are ordered alphabetically. Combined reading literacy scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one country may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another country may not be significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000, 2003, and 2006.
 
For more information: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2007). PISA 2006: Science Competencies for Tomorrow's World, Volume 2: Data, table 6.1c. Paris: Author; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2004). Learning for Tomorrow’s World: First Results from PISA 2003, figure 6.3. Paris: Author; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2003). Literacy Skills for the World of Tomorrow: Further Results from PISA 2000, figure 2.5. Paris: Author; Lemke, M., Lippman, L., Bairu, G., Calsyn, C., Kruger, T. Jocelyn, L. Kastberg, D., Liu, Y., Roey, S., Williams, T. (2001). Outcomes of Learning: Results From the 2000 Program for International Student Assessment of 15-Year-Olds in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy (NCES 2002-115), figure 3 and table A3.1. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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