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Special Analysis 2008

Section 1. Institutional Characteristics

Table 1. Percentage of degree-granting institutions with first-year undergraduates using various selection criteria for admission, by control and type of institution: 2005–06
  2-year
  4-year
    Private
    Private
Criteria for admission Public Total Not-for-profit For-profit   Public Total Not-for-profit For-profit

Open admissions 95.4 52.4 40.5 54.9   13.6 20.1 13.1 43.5
Some admission requirements1 4.3 40.8 57.7 37.2   86.1 78.5 86.5 51.6
High school grades 2.2 7.4 25.2 3.6   68.4 53.0 66.2 8.6
High school class rank 0.2 1.6 6.3 0.6   28.7 16.0 20.5 0.8
High school record 4.2 35.4 55.0 31.3   78.2 71.6 79.7 44.3
College preparatory program 0.8 0.3 1.8 0.0   47.1 18.8 24.3 0.5
Recommendations 0.2 6.3 23.4 2.7   7.7 40.8 51.5 5.1
Demonstration of competencies2 0.2 8.4 9.0 8.3   6.1 11.1 10.3 13.8
Test scores3 2.4 3.0 12.6 1.0   82.3 55.2 70.5 4.1
TOEFL4 3.9 12.3 27.0 9.2   79.3 63.8 70.6 41.1
Guidelines used for admission decisions 0.3 6.8 1.8 7.9   0.3 1.4 0.4 4.9

1 Many institutions have more than one admission requirement.

2 Formal demonstration of competencies (e.g., portfolios, certificates of mastery, assessment instruments).

3 Includes SAT, ACT, or other admission tests.

4 Test of English as a Foreign Language.

NOTE: Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2005–06 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Fall 2005.