Figure CL-3. Percentage distribution of 15-year-old students on PISA reading literacy scale, by proficiency level and jurisdiction: 2003
*p < .05. Percentage at proficiency Level 5 is measurably higher than U.S. percentage.
# Rounds to zero.
1 The Republics of Serbia and Montenegro were a unified jurisdiction for the 2003 Program of International Student Assessment (PISA).
NOTE: Jurisdictions are ordered by the percentage of students scoring 625 or above on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Students with a score of 407 or
lower appear on the left side of the percentage distribution. These students performed at proficiency level 1 or below. At level 1, students can
complete only the simplest reading tasks, such as locating a single piece of information, identifying the main theme of a text or making a simple
connection with everyday knowledge. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) has defined five levels of proficiency based
on specific student proficiencies. These specific student proficiencies remain the same across all PISA assessments; however, the score point
threshold for students who demonstrate these specific student proficiencies may vary slightly from assessment to assessment. Because OECD
proficiency levels are anchored by specific student proficiencies (i.e., by items not scores), the percentage distribution by level can be reported.
Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2003.