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Supplemental Table 1. Mean weekly out-of-pocket expense paid for weekly nonparental care arrangements that have any out-of-pocket cost for children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten, by child and family characteristics: 2005
Characteristic Number of children (thousands) Weekly out-of-pocket expense by type of nonparental care arrangement1
Total Relative Nonrelative Center-based2
Total 8,265 $93.91 $60.02 $105.18 $86.15
Childís age          
Less than 1 year 860 113.34 79.49 114.51 117.30
1-2 years 2,919 107.03 63.07 113.48 103.95
3-5 years 4,486 81.60 52.75 90.00 74.97
Childís sex          
Male 4,228 93.68 64.41 104.54 85.20
Female 4,037 94.16 55.73 105.86 87.13
Childís race/ethnicity          
White, non-Hispanic 5,170 94.99 64.95 106.95 82.61
Black, non-Hispanic 1,177 79.61 43.04 94.04 84.69
Hispanic 1,193 90.77 64.90 91.10 94.60
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 250 126.01 81.10 162.12 115.83
Other race, non-Hispanic3 476 108.95 69.38 127.09 95.29
Family type          
Two parents 6,516 99.18 66.99 109.42 89.03
One parent 1,648 73.59 48.94 82.80 73.63
Nonparent guardian(s) 101 87.61 76.48 114.99 75.70
Parentsí language spoken most at home4          
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 7,568 94.37 59.96 108.50 84.79
One of two parents speaks English 117 92.99 71.88 65.69 101.90
No parent speaks English 580 88.25 58.72 73.02 106.44
Motherís level of education5          
Less than a high school 250 55.24 66.53 62.76 40.27
High school/GED 1,649 65.37 50.95 71.39 64.02
Vocational/technical or some college 2,398 78.58 55.79 85.28 72.97
Bachelorís degree 2,244 106.14 62.64 116.59 96.45
Graduate or professional education or degree 1,556 136.12 102.57 149.97 113.11
Motherís school enrollment status5          
Enrolled 1,119 97.73 73.66 94.74 94.00
Not enrolled 6,978 93.26 57.13 106.79 84.86
Motherís employment status5          
35 or more hours per week 4,555 112.15 64.01 115.71 109.43
Less than 35 hours per week 1,875 81.10 56.23 88.24 71.29
Looking for work 273 55.82 31.50! 61.59 71.16
Not in the labor force 1,393 58.34 74.28 95.41 48.44
Motherís work shift5, 6          
Regular shift 5,803 106.32 62.09 109.97 102.11
Variable shift 627 73.65 59.12 84.00 62.12
Neighborhood conditions7          
Concern regarding neighborhood health and safety conditions 1,256 $96.99 $54.32 $130.01 $86.51
No concern regarding neighborhood health and safety conditions 7,009 93.36 61.41 101.13 86.08
Household income          
$25,000 or less 1,423 57.62 39.51 62.47 59.07
$25,001 to $50,000 1,601 73.43 65.86 75.60 67.13
$50,001 to $75,000 1,937 86.21 65.06 86.29 81.49
$75,001 to $100,000 1,473 110.50 77.57 126.30 98.80
$100,001 or more 1,831 135.10 89.82 166.58 109.27
! Interpret data with caution; coefficient of variation is 50 percent or more.
1 Estimates indicate out-of-pocket expenses per week for care of a given type, per child. For children with more than one arrangement of a given type, the expenses for each arrangement of that type are summed to calculate the total spent per week for that type of care.
2 Center-based arrangements include day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs.
3 "Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.
4 Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."
5 Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.
6 Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.
7 Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((child)/any of the children) in your household?"
NOTE: Estimates include children from birth through 5 years of age, and not yet in kindergarten who have at least one weekly nonparental care arrangement with out-of-pocket expense. Children for whom no fee was charged, for whom another source paid the entire fee for care, or for whom the period of time covered by the amount indicated (e.g., per hour, per week, etc.) could not be determined are excluded from the mean estimates but are included in the number of children with an out-of-pocket cost. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).
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