Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
NAEP Analysis and Scaling → Estimation of Population and Student Group Distributions → Examining the Population-Structure Models Used in NAEP

Examining the Population-Structure Models Used in NAEP


Proportion of Variance in the Contrasts of Group-Defining Variables Accounted for by the Principal Components

Proportion of Scale Score Variance Accounted for by the Population-Structure Models

horizontal line

The population-structure models are examined in two ways. First, the proportion of variance accounted for by the principal components is provided for each contrast of the group-defining variables. When these values are close to one, most of the variability in the group-defining variable is accounted for by the principal components used in the population-structure model, and the population-structure model reflects membership in the group well.

Second, the proportion of scale score variance accounted for by the population-structure models is provided for each sample. These values report the proportion of variance among scale scores explained by group membership for each sample. When these values are larger than zero, the population-structure model is needed to estimate summary statistics for the population and student groups represented by the sample.

Last updated 15 June 2010 (JL)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey


No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education