State starting point inclusiveness and change in inclusiveness for the nation-based and jurisdiction-specific approaches in mathematics by grade: 2007-09

State starting point inclusiveness and change in inclusiveness for the nation-based and jurisdiction-specific approaches at grade 4 in mathematics, ranked by state starting point: 2007-09
State Starting
point
Nation-
based estimate
Standard
error
Juris-
diction-specific estimate
Standard
error
Alaska 8.6 -0.6   1.83 -0.8   4.98
South Dakota 6.8 -5.2 * 1.68 -5.9 * 2.77
Wyoming 6.6 0.4   1.73 1.6   2.31
Rhode Island 6.3 -0.9   2.24 1.1   3.65
Hawaii 6.2 -0.6   2.22 -1.5   5.00
Mississippi 6.0 -0.2   2.39 1.6   4.60
Iowa 5.9 -0.8   2.56 -4.4   4.79
Colorado 5.9 0.8   2.31 -0.1   3.58
New York 5.5 2.8   2.28 3.0   4.16
Vermont 5.2 1.7   1.82 2.9   3.32
Connecticut 5.1 -3.7   2.19 0.3   4.11
New Hampshire 5.1 1.3   2.44 0.7   2.65
West Virginia 4.4 1.4   1.75 -1.8   3.83
Oregon 4.3 -2.1   2.42 -0.2   4.70
Alabama 4.3 2.8   2.43 1.6   4.26
North Carolina 3.9 -3.0   2.53 -3.4   2.93
New Jersey 3.6 -1.3   3.38 -2.8   4.84
Pennsylvania 3.3 -1.6   2.45 -1.5   4.02
Florida 3.3 0.4   2.29 2.1   3.28
Idaho 3.2 1.4   2.41 3.1   3.51
Minnesota 2.9 1.5   2.25 1.3   3.84
South Carolina 2.5 -1.3   2.35 -1.4   4.02
Louisiana 2.4 2.3   2.30 -1.3   3.19
Kentucky 1.7 -3.3   2.59 -3.7   3.67
Wisconsin 1.7 2.8   2.89 3.2   3.76
Washington 1.6 2.6   2.43 2.6   3.76
Nevada 1.3 -2.4   3.33 0.9   5.27
Montana 1.1 1.5   2.59 2.6   5.42
Maine 1.0 7.7 * 2.28 8.1 * 3.28
Indiana 0.7 -1.6   2.97 -1.4   3.52
New Mexico 0.5 -1.4   3.22 -3.3   4.44
Utah 0.2 -0.4   3.15 -2.2   4.67
California 0.1 -1.1   3.73 -1.1   4.20
Arkansas -0.1 7.1 * 2.90 8.4 * 3.88
Nebraska -0.4 -0.9   2.50 -0.4   3.15
Arizona -0.6 7.6 * 3.18 9.1   5.94
Georgia -0.7 2.9   2.55 1.7   4.83
Kansas -1.7 -0.8   3.27 -2.6   4.21
Massachusetts -4.7 2.5   3.87 2.6   5.14
North Dakota -5.4 -0.3   2.74 -2.7   3.90
Missouri -5.6 6.2 * 3.08 5.6   4.24
Illinois -5.7 9.1 * 3.25 11.2 * 4.20
Delaware -6.3 8.9 * 2.32 8.0   4.29
Michigan -6.5 3.5   3.61 2.0   4.67
Ohio -6.9 7.2   3.82 5.4   5.82
Virginia -7.8 10.6 * 2.84 7.2   5.06
Maryland -9.0 -2.8   3.08 -3.9   5.33
District of Columbia -12.9 7.7 * 3.77 9.9 * 4.73
Oklahoma -15.6 4.7   4.16 3.5   5.09
Tennessee -16.8 12.5 * 4.43 15.2 * 6.86
Texas -21.0 12.6 * 3.55 12.1 * 4.59
* Statistically different from zero (p < .05).
NOTE: Significance tests were performed only for the change measures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2005, 2007, and 2009 Mathematics Assessments.

State starting point inclusiveness and change in inclusiveness for the nation-based and jurisdiction-specific approaches at grade 8 in mathematics, ranked by state starting point: 2007-09
State Starting
point
Nation-
based estimate
Standard
error
Juris-
diction-specific estimate
Standard
error
Connecticut 10.2 -5.5 * 2.18 -7.6   5.13
Colorado 9.1 -4.9   2.78 -3.9   5.38
Hawaii 8.0 0.3   2.12 -0.8   3.19
Idaho 7.6 -1.5   2.59 -1.8   4.12
West Virginia 7.5 0.3   1.89 0.2   3.33
New Mexico 6.3 -4.8   3.52 -3.7   5.22
North Carolina 5.6 0.8   2.16 0.1   3.18
Wyoming 4.9 1.4   2.56 3.5   3.97
Minnesota 4.9 -2.1   3.02 -2.2   3.71
New Hampshire 4.0 1.2   2.35 1.5   3.76
Rhode Island 3.9 2.2   1.94 1.2   3.66
Arkansas 3.5 6.3 * 2.85 8.1   4.70
Florida 3.2 1.9   2.34 2.6   3.71
South Dakota 2.8 0.1   2.82 1.2   3.66
Oregon 2.4 0.2   3.61 3.8   5.06
Vermont 2.3 6.4 * 2.03 6.6 * 3.33
New Jersey 2.3 1.6   3.68 3.1   4.78
Iowa 2.2 -1.0   4.00 -0.1   5.09
Nebraska 0.6 -5.0   3.56 -5.3   4.53
Utah 0.5 -6.4   3.55 -3.8   4.99
Alabama 0.1 5.2   4.13 9.2   5.06
California 0.1 3.5   3.22 5.7   4.09
Montana 0.0 -1.5   3.34 -0.3   4.57
Pennsylvania -0.8 2.0   3.99 0.6   5.69
New York -1.2 4.8   2.93 5.4   4.46
Wisconsin -2.2 7.9 * 3.94 7.6   6.20
Louisiana -2.5 12.7 * 3.65 12.4   6.65
Kansas -2.5 1.1   3.83 2.4   6.70
Mississippi -4.1 4.6   4.48 5.4   6.49
Nevada -4.2 1.7   3.65 5.8   6.80
Arizona -4.7 10.7 * 4.10 8.5   6.17
Maine -6.1 15.0 * 3.24 14.6 * 4.10
Washington -6.2 9.4 * 3.60 9.0   5.54
Michigan -7.7 3.7   3.70 5.2   6.13
Missouri -8.0 3.5   4.04 1.5   5.58
Illinois -9.0 10.7 * 4.53 12.7 * 5.79
Alaska -11.1 6.5   3.93 3.1   5.91
Indiana -12.8 0.0   4.78 -1.4   5.68
Ohio -14.4 5.4   4.60 8.8   7.47
Delaware -14.7 25.9 * 2.97 24.7 * 4.74
North Dakota -15.4 2.7   3.24 5.4   4.27
Virginia -16.8 15.2 * 3.95 13.6 * 6.55
Kentucky -17.0 9.9 * 4.57 10.5   6.72
South Carolina -18.9 7.2   4.32 5.1   7.36
Texas -20.2 4.9   4.28 4.2   5.62
Massachusetts -22.0 18.2 * 4.35 16.4 * 5.52
Tennessee -25.1 16.5 * 5.19 16.5 * 7.14
Georgia -27.1 21.7 * 3.86 20.1 * 5.56
District of Columbia -29.1 21.4 * 3.46 25.5 * 5.32
Oklahoma -30.7 9.2 * 4.52 11.5   6.02
Maryland -33.7 1.1   4.42 -0.9   8.49
* Statistically different from zero (p < .05).
NOTE: Significance tests were performed only for the change measures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2005, 2007, and 2009 Mathematics Assessments.

Last updated 13 September 2011 (DJ)