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State starting point inclusiveness and change in inclusiveness for the nation-based and jurisdiction-specific approaches in reading by grade: 2007-09

State starting point inclusiveness and change in inclusiveness for the nation-based and jurisdiction-specific approaches at grade 4 in reading, ranked by state starting point: 2007-09
State Starting
point
Nation-
based estimate
Standard
error
Juris-
diction-specific estimate
Standard
error
West Virginia 17.4 -4.0 * 1.98 -5.5   4.08
North Carolina 12.5 -0.8   2.61 1.0   3.26
Connecticut 9.9 -4.5   3.15 -2.7   4.81
Alaska 9.8 6.3   3.45 6.8   4.66
Rhode Island 9.0 1.0   2.77 -0.4   3.78
Wyoming 8.7 7.2 * 2.32 8.9 * 3.22
Colorado 8.1 -2.3   3.79 -2.5   4.81
Louisiana 7.2 8.2 * 3.47 10.1   6.62
New Hampshire 6.8 4.3   3.25 4.5   4.45
Alabama 6.4 5.5   3.10 7.2   4.13
Indiana 5.5 -7.5   3.96 -3.8   6.67
Idaho 5.5 -2.1   4.89 1.2   7.05
Massachusetts 5.4 2.6   3.06 1.6   3.95
Hawaii 4.3 12.2 * 3.61 7.8   5.11
Oregon 4.3 3.4   2.94 3.4   5.21
Missouri 4.2 1.7   3.33 3.7   5.27
Florida 3.3 3.8   3.47 5.9   5.16
California 2.7 -1.2   3.92 -0.5   4.89
Minnesota 2.4 8.8 * 2.92 8.0   4.26
Iowa 2.3 -1.1   4.70 -3.2   7.89
Mississippi 1.9 7.3 * 3.35 9.5   6.26
Pennsylvania 1.9 7.2   3.81 7.5   6.13
South Carolina 1.6 -5.3   3.25 -6.6   5.05
Washington 1.4 4.4   3.92 6.0   6.15
Arizona 1.4 5.2   6.07 6.9   7.60
Vermont 1.2 11.5 * 2.58 11.2 * 4.55
New York 0.5 6.2   3.68 6.2   5.53
Wisconsin 0.4 5.3   3.22 5.5   5.06
Nevada 0.0 2.4   4.26 4.0   5.95
Nebraska -0.9 3.1   3.22 3.4   4.91
Maine -1.0 10.0 * 3.15 8.6   4.93
Montana -1.7 3.8   4.14 2.9   5.92
Michigan -2.0 2.5   3.26 0.3   6.19
Illinois -3.3 10.9 * 4.03 11.0   5.64
New Jersey -5.1 -7.3   5.11 -8.1   7.25
South Dakota -5.8 -3.6   2.63 -2.0   4.16
Kansas -7.9 6.6   4.83 4.1   6.23
Utah -8.2 -1.5   4.60 -2.4   5.97
Ohio -10.6 2.1   5.15 4.0   6.80
Oklahoma -11.3 -3.9   4.20 -1.3   5.73
Delaware -12.3 6.4 * 2.70 5.1   3.72
Virginia -12.8 17.8 * 3.56 12.9 * 6.10
Kentucky -12.9 -0.4   3.18 0.4   4.66
Arkansas -14.7 34.0 * 3.42 34.1 * 6.60
Maryland -16.2 -7.1 * 3.37 -5.0   5.24
New Mexico -16.5 13.3 * 4.77 15.0 * 7.45
North Dakota -18.3 2.6   3.18 -2.0   4.38
Texas -19.5 7.4   4.15 3.2   5.13
Georgia -22.6 16.6 * 3.76 14.1 * 5.73
Tennessee -22.8 -0.3   4.23 -3.3   6.65
District of Columbia -31.5 0.6   3.54 -0.1   5.46
* Statistically different from zero (p < .05).
NOTE: Significance tests were performed only for the change measures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2005, 2007, and 2009 Reading Assessments.

State starting point inclusiveness and change in inclusiveness for the nation-based and jurisdiction-specific approaches at grade 8 in reading, ranked by state starting point: 2007-09
State Starting
point
Nation-
based estimate
Standard
error
Juris-
diction-specific estimate
Standard
error
West Virginia 14.1 -0.7   2.93 2.1   7.58
Alaska 12.0 2.9   2.72 1.9   3.57
Connecticut 11.9 -4.8   2.51 -2.2   5.86
Oregon 11.0 -1.1   3.01 -2.3   6.07
Hawaii 9.5 3.0   2.17 2.4   3.96
North Carolina 7.7 2.4   2.76 3.3   4.18
Rhode Island 6.1 4.2 * 2.06 3.1   3.09
Wyoming 5.9 1.3   2.72 2.5   4.92
Florida 5.8 -0.5   2.70 0.8   3.61
Louisiana 5.1 8.9   4.56 10.8   6.95
New Hampshire 4.9 2.2   2.31 2.9   3.16
Colorado 3.3 1.9   3.94 1.2   6.39
California 2.9 2.4   3.39 3.8   4.98
Missouri 2.8 -0.4   3.48 -1.4   5.64
Illinois 1.2 2.1   3.65 0.6   4.93
Alabama 1.0 11.2 * 4.49 11.8 * 5.75
Minnesota -0.1 4.3   3.33 5.1   4.20
Indiana -0.2 -8.7   4.50 -8.2   5.59
Pennsylvania -0.8 8.6 * 3.99 7.4   5.52
Idaho -0.8 7.9 * 3.55 8.0   5.28
Vermont -1.1 12.2 * 2.05 12.3 * 3.10
Massachusetts -1.2 6.9   3.81 7.5   5.11
Nevada -2.0 7.3   3.72 7.6   5.62
Delaware -2.1 9.3 * 2.85 10.8 * 4.86
Nebraska -2.1 -6.6   3.78 -6.3   4.95
Iowa -2.8 -1.2   4.20 -0.1   4.96
Maine -3.9 11.9 * 2.95 11.0 * 4.04
Montana -4.0 2.1   3.61 0.1   5.02
Wisconsin -4.2 6.0   4.14 4.0   7.57
Kansas -4.5 0.3   4.08 -0.3   6.45
New York -6.5 -1.2   4.50 -3.2   6.45
Washington -6.9 12.8 * 4.31 10.4   5.86
Arizona -7.2 14.8 * 4.23 12.8   7.91
Utah -7.8 -2.8   4.75 -3.8   6.16
New Jersey -8.4 2.8   5.04 4.4   6.95
Michigan -9.5 5.1   4.15 4.5   6.52
Arkansas -10.2 24.9 * 4.24 26.8 * 7.12
Ohio -11.9 -0.3   4.13 -2.6   6.20
Mississippi -11.9 19.4 * 4.76 20.2 * 7.68
New Mexico -12.3 9.2 * 4.15 6.0   5.58
Oklahoma -12.7 7.0   3.64 6.9   5.37
South Carolina -14.0 -1.0   4.13 -0.1   7.03
Virginia -15.4 20.2 * 3.62 18.5 * 5.37
Texas -16.4 8.0 * 3.47 5.5   4.23
Kentucky -18.0 0.6   3.74 0.5   5.79
Maryland -18.7 -7.2   4.58 -6.0   7.11
South Dakota -20.3 15.1 * 3.99 13.9 * 6.78
Tennessee -22.0 -2.0   4.41 -3.9   6.77
Georgia -23.1 18.9 * 4.49 15.6 * 6.64
North Dakota -26.2 1.9   3.67 1.3   5.06
District of Columbia -30.1 -6.1   3.34 -1.3   4.96
* Statistically different from zero (p < .05).
NOTE: Significance tests were performed only for the change measures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2005, 2007, and 2009 Reading Assessments.

Last updated 13 September 2011 (DJ)