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Actual inclusion rate, jurisdiction-specific benchmark inclusion rate, and difference for students with disabilities who are not English language learners in reading at grade 4, by state: 2005, 2007, 2009

State 2005 2007 2009
Actual Benchmark Difference1 Actual Benchmark Difference Actual Benchmark Difference
Alabama 85.3 85.3 0.0 78.1 86.4 -8.3 85.4 86.4 -1.1
Alaska 84.5 84.5 0.0 80.9 88.5 -7.6 86.1 86.9 -0.8
Arizona 66.7 66.7 0.0 74.9 73.7 1.2 75.9 67.8 8.1
Arkansas 53.3 53.3 0.0 55.0 57.0 -2.0 90.7 58.6 32.1
California 74.9 74.9 0.0 77.3 78.7 -1.3 75.2 77.1 -1.8
Colorado 78.6 78.6 0.0 79.9 80.6 -0.7 76.3 79.5 -3.2
Connecticut 78.5 78.5 0.0 85.1 84.0 1.1 79.3 80.9 -1.6
Delaware 28.6 28.6 0.0 46.0 25.8 20.2 51.9 26.6 25.2
District of Columbia 57.7 57.7 0.0 28.6 60.3 -31.7 32.2 64.0 -31.9
Florida 76.0 76.0 0.0 77.3 77.7 -0.3 84.2 78.6 5.6
Georgia 59.7 59.7 0.0 43.4 59.5 -16.2 66.0 68.1 -2.1
Hawaii 82.5 82.5 0.0 77.1 82.0 -4.8 86.9 83.9 3.0
Idaho 72.2 72.2 0.0 77.2 75.8 1.3 74.2 71.7 2.5
Illinois 65.3 65.3 0.0 67.5 71.8 -4.2 83.1 76.3 6.8
Indiana 75.2 75.2 0.0 77.6 79.5 -1.9 74.3 80.0 -5.7
Iowa 65.2 65.2 0.0 71.2 74.4 -3.2 73.0 79.4 -6.3
Kansas 77.4 77.4 0.0 62.4 81.2 -18.8 68.9 83.6 -14.6
Kentucky 45.4 45.4 0.0 53.1 55.8 -2.6 53.5 55.7 -2.3
Louisiana 41.2 41.2 0.0 79.3 51.0 28.3 90.8 52.4 38.4
Maine 65.8 65.8 0.0 69.5 65.7 3.8 76.8 64.5 12.3
Maryland 63.3 63.3 0.0 51.4 63.7 -12.2 40.2 57.4 -17.2
Massachusetts 67.2 67.2 0.0 72.1 68.5 3.6 77.4 72.3 5.2
Michigan 52.3 52.3 0.0 68.2 53.9 14.3 73.1 58.4 14.7
Minnesota 84.5 84.5 0.0 77.1 88.9 -11.8 85.7 89.5 -3.8
Mississippi 66.9 66.9 0.0 77.6 64.4 13.3 86.2 63.4 22.8
Missouri 55.8 55.8 0.0 78.9 69.1 9.8 78.2 64.7 13.5
Montana 61.1 61.1 0.0 64.8 65.6 -0.8 70.9 68.9 2.1
Nebraska 75.2 75.2 0.0 72.1 74.5 -2.3 79.5 78.4 1.0
Nevada 60.4 60.4 0.0 70.1 69.1 1.1 73.9 68.8 5.1
New Hampshire 83.0 83.0 0.0 79.8 85.1 -5.3 83.6 84.4 -0.8
New Jersey 73.8 73.8 0.0 61.7 77.1 -15.4 55.6 79.1 -23.4
New Mexico 64.4 64.4 0.0 54.2 70.3 -16.0 68.2 69.2 -1.0
New York 74.5 74.5 0.0 72.5 76.8 -4.3 78.7 76.8 1.9
North Carolina 83.2 83.2 0.0 87.6 87.4 0.3 87.0 85.7 1.3
North Dakota 64.7 64.7 0.0 46.2 66.7 -20.5 57.5 80.0 -22.5
Ohio 40.8 40.8 0.0 50.6 51.1 -0.5 58.9 55.4 3.6
Oklahoma 72.5 72.5 0.0 58.8 75.8 -17.1 57.6 76.0 -18.4
Oregon 69.4 69.4 0.0 74.3 69.0 5.2 81.6 73.0 8.6
Pennsylvania 73.3 73.3 0.0 72.0 75.2 -3.1 82.6 78.2 4.4
Rhode Island 88.0 88.0 0.0 82.9 91.6 -8.8 83.4 92.5 -9.1
South Carolina 61.1 61.1 0.0 73.7 66.0 7.7 69.6 68.5 1.1
South Dakota 71.4 71.4 0.0 66.2 77.1 -10.9 60.5 73.4 -12.9
Tennessee 38.4 38.4 0.0 37.0 43.1 -6.1 38.2 47.5 -9.4
Texas 58.5 58.5 0.0 51.7 58.8 -7.1 56.7 60.5 -3.9
Utah 72.0 72.0 0.0 62.8 74.8 -11.9 62.3 76.7 -14.3
Vermont 68.4 68.4 0.0 67.0 70.4 -3.4 83.1 75.3 7.8
Virginia 36.8 36.8 0.0 55.5 50.4 5.1 73.4 55.5 18.0
Washington 76.8 76.8 0.0 72.5 79.1 -6.6 78.1 78.7 -0.6
West Virginia 69.1 69.1 0.0 91.0 73.6 17.5 87.6 75.7 12.0
Wisconsin 71.7 71.7 0.0 72.4 78.1 -5.7 77.6 77.8 -0.2
Wyoming 90.4 90.4 0.0 78.6 88.7 -10.1 89.7 91.0 -1.2
1The 2005 jurisdiction-specific benchmark inclusion rate is, by design, equal to the 2005 actual inclusion rate. Therefore, the 2005 difference is equal to zero by design.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2005, 2007, and 2009 Reading Assessments.

Last updated 26 August 2011 (EP)