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Who Took the NAEP Reading Assessment?

Nationally representative samples of 213,100 fourth-graders and 168,200 eighth-graders participated in the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in reading.

The NAEP program does not, and is not designed to, report on the performance of individual students. Instead, groups of the student population from representative national samples are assessed. For example, NAEP reports results for male and female students, Black students and White students, and students in different regions of the country. Samples are selected using a complex sampling design.


Accommodations for students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL) have been permitted for a representative sample of students beginning with the 1998 reading assessment. (English language learners were previously referred to as limited English proficient (LEP).)

See additional information about the percentages of students with disabilities and English language learners identified, excluded, and assessed.

See the types of accommodations permitted for students with disabilities and English language learners at the national and state levels.

Last updated 05 October 2011 (JM)
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National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education