Average scale scores and percentages for mathematics, grade 8 by race/ethnicity used to report trends, school-reported, year and jurisdiction: 2011, 2009, 2007, 2005, and 2003
YearJurisdictionWhiteBlackHispanicAsian/Pacific IslanderAmerican Indian/Alaska NativeTwo or more races
Average scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard ErrorAverage scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard ErrorAverage scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard ErrorAverage scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard ErrorAverage scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard ErrorAverage scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard Error
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
NOTE: Black includes African American, Hispanic includes Latino, and Pacific Islander includes Native Hawaiian. Race categories exclude Hispanic origin. Prior to 2011, students in the "two or more races" category were categorized as "unclassified." DCPS = District of Columbia Public Schools. The NAEP Mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 500. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Some apparent differences between estimates may not be statistically significant. Analyze results with NAEP Data Explorer.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009 and 2011 Mathematics Assessments.
2011National public293(0.2)54(0.3)262(0.5)16(0.3)269(0.5)23(0.3)302(1.0)6(0.2)266(1.0)1(0.0)286(1.3)2(0.0)
2011 Large city295(1.1)20(0.5)261(0.9)26(0.8)267(1.0)43(1.1)296(2.3)8(0.4)268(4.6)1(0.1)291(2.1)1(0.1)
2011 Albuquerque291(2.3)25(0.8)(†)1(0.3)269(1.2)66(0.9)(†)2(0.3)(†)3(0.3)(†)3(0.3)
2011 Atlanta309(2.8)8(0.5)262(1.4)86(0.6)264(3.5)5(0.4)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.3)
2011 Austin313(1.8)27(0.7)265(5.3)9(0.5)276(1.7)59(0.8)(†)4(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.3)
2011 Baltimore City280(4.0)11(1.2)259(1.5)84(1.3)(†)3(0.5)(†)1(0.4)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2011 Boston305(3.1)15(0.7)272(1.6)37(0.9)271(1.6)36(0.9)319(3.6)11(0.7)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2011 Charlotte311(1.3)33(0.8)268(1.2)44(0.9)272(2.6)15(0.7)304(6.4)5(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)3(0.4)
2011 Chicago296(4.3)9(1.2)260(1.4)43(2.5)271(1.4)41(2.5)296(3.2)6(1.7)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2011 Cleveland277(3.4)17(1.2)249(2.1)66(1.5)258(4.4)13(1.0)(†)2(0.5)(†)#(†)(†)2(0.4)
2011 Dallas306(4.5)5(0.5)264(2.2)26(0.8)276(1.1)68(0.8)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2011 Detroit(†)2(0.3)244(1.4)87(0.4)258(2.8)10(0.3)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2011 District of Columbia (DCPS)322(3.0)6(0.4)249(1.2)78(0.7)253(2.8)12(0.6)(†)2(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.3)
2011 Fresno281(2.6)12(0.6)243(2.6)11(0.6)251(1.2)61(0.8)264(2.9)14(0.5)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)
2011 Hillsborough County (FL)293(2.1)43(1.8)263(1.9)19(1.5)274(2.4)31(1.4)(†)3(0.4)(†)#(†)(†)3(0.3)
2011 Houston309(3.0)7(0.4)271(1.9)27(0.6)278(1.1)62(0.7)309(5.0)3(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.2)
2011 Jefferson County (KY)285(1.5)54(0.8)257(1.4)37(0.8)270(4.5)5(0.4)(†)3(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)2(0.4)
2011 Los Angeles291(4.6)9(0.7)246(3.9)9(0.5)255(1.3)74(1.0)295(4.0)8(0.4)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2011 Miami-Dade288(3.1)9(0.5)256(2.2)22(1.3)274(1.0)67(1.3)(†)2(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2011 Milwaukee274(4.2)12(0.8)246(1.8)57(1.9)259(3.3)23(1.7)271(5.6)7(1.7)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)
2011 New York City292(3.2)14(1.5)262(2.1)30(1.9)261(1.6)41(1.7)304(3.2)15(1.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2011 Philadelphia281(3.9)13(1.4)260(2.3)56(2.5)256(3.1)21(1.9)295(5.4)9(1.5)(†)#(†)(†)2(0.4)
2011 San Diego302(2.3)24(1.2)256(4.0)11(1.0)263(2.6)42(1.5)293(3.2)19(1.2)(†)#(†)(†)3(0.3)
2009National public292(0.2)56(0.5)260(0.4)16(0.2)266(0.6)21(0.4)300(1.3)5(0.2)267(1.1)1(0.0)283(1.6)1(0.0)
2009 Large city294(1.1)21(0.8)256(0.8)27(0.9)264(1.2)42(1.0)299(1.8)8(0.3)271(4.9)1(0.1)280(3.9)1(0.1)
2009 Albuquerque(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2009 Atlanta(†)7(0.5)255(1.5)88(0.5)(†)4(0.4)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.3)
2009 Austin312(1.8)31(0.6)274(3.4)11(0.4)274(1.2)55(0.6)(†)3(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2009 Baltimore City(†)6(1.1)255(1.6)91(1.5)(†)2(0.7)(†)1(0.5)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2009 Boston311(2.5)14(0.5)268(2.0)40(0.9)269(1.9)33(0.9)312(3.9)11(0.6)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.2)
2009 Charlotte304(1.4)32(0.6)270(1.4)46(0.7)272(2.5)15(0.5)(†)4(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)3(0.3)
2009 Chicago289(3.8)9(1.7)252(1.9)48(2.7)268(1.6)40(2.5)301(3.8)3(0.8)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2009 Cleveland275(2.7)15(0.7)252(1.1)71(0.7)250(5.4)12(0.6)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)2(0.3)
2009 Dallas(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2009 Detroit(†)2(0.7)237(2.9)89(3.2)255(5.8)8(2.8)(†)1(0.3)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)
2009 District of Columbia (DCPS)(†)5(0.5)244(1.3)82(0.8)263(5.2)11(0.7)(†)2(0.5)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2009 Fresno282(3.8)14(0.5)246(3.6)11(0.5)253(1.4)58(0.7)266(2.9)16(0.5)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2009 Hillsborough County (FL)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2009 Houston311(2.8)8(0.5)266(1.9)29(0.7)275(1.0)60(0.8)(†)3(0.5)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2009 Jefferson County (KY)284(1.1)55(0.6)252(1.4)36(0.7)(†)4(0.3)(†)3(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)2(0.2)
2009 Los Angeles287(3.4)8(0.7)247(3.2)10(1.0)254(0.9)75(1.2)291(3.8)7(0.7)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2009 Miami-Dade291(2.5)10(0.7)260(2.7)22(1.3)274(1.2)65(1.3)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.2)
2009 Milwaukee271(4.6)11(1.4)244(1.6)62(2.1)256(3.5)20(1.7)(†)4(0.8)(†)1(0.3)(†)3(0.4)
2009 New York City295(3.0)16(2.0)261(1.9)32(2.3)261(2.1)39(1.9)309(2.7)14(1.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2009 Philadelphia284(3.9)16(2.2)256(1.7)57(2.0)258(3.1)18(2.3)295(5.0)8(1.4)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.4)
2009 San Diego301(2.6)28(1.8)263(4.3)12(0.9)265(2.0)41(1.4)292(3.0)18(0.7)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2007National public290(0.2)58(0.3)259(0.4)17(0.3)264(0.4)19(0.3)296(0.9)5(0.1)265(0.9)1(0.0)282(1.7)1(0.0)
2007 Large city292(1.1)23(0.8)254(0.9)30(1.2)261(0.9)38(1.2)291(2.1)8(0.5)273(2.9)1(0.1)280(5.0)1(0.1)
2007 Albuquerque(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Atlanta(†)4(0.6)253(1.4)91(0.7)(†)3(0.6)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.2)
2007 Austin308(2.0)31(0.9)265(2.2)13(0.8)271(1.4)53(1.0)(†)2(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2007 Baltimore City(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Boston305(3.0)17(0.9)263(1.7)42(1.3)270(2.0)30(1.1)305(2.7)10(0.8)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2007 Charlotte308(1.6)34(1.3)267(1.4)47(1.4)264(3.1)12(0.9)305(6.0)5(0.6)(†)#(†)(†)2(0.4)
2007 Chicago287(3.6)11(1.9)248(2.5)47(2.9)265(1.9)39(2.5)(†)3(0.7)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2007 Cleveland269(2.5)15(1.0)253(1.8)74(1.1)258(4.1)10(0.7)(†)1(0.2)(†)1(0.2)(†)1(0.3)
2007 Dallas(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Detroit(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 District of Columbia (DCPS)(†)3(0.3)245(0.9)88(0.7)251(3.0)9(0.6)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2007 Fresno(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Hillsborough County (FL)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Houston308(3.6)9(0.7)265(1.5)29(0.9)270(1.1)58(1.3)310(8.9)3(0.7)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2007 Jefferson County (KY)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Los Angeles285(3.7)8(0.6)245(2.4)11(1.3)253(1.2)74(1.2)292(2.8)7(0.7)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2007 Miami-Dade(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Milwaukee(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 New York City289(4.0)15(2.2)258(2.2)33(2.5)262(2.5)38(2.0)299(3.7)13(1.3)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2007 Philadelphia(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 San Diego294(2.3)23(1.4)258(3.2)13(0.8)259(2.1)46(1.5)289(2.5)17(1.0)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)
2005National public288(0.2)60(0.3)254(0.4)17(0.2)261(0.4)17(0.2)294(1.0)5(0.1)266(1.0)1(0.0)278(1.9)1(0.0)
2005 Large city288(1.0)24(0.7)250(0.8)32(0.8)258(0.7)36(0.8)289(1.9)8(0.4)269(3.0)1(0.1)276(4.2)1(0.1)
2005 Albuquerque(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Atlanta(†)5(0.6)242(1.6)92(0.8)(†)2(0.5)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2005 Austin305(2.4)33(1.2)262(3.7)13(0.8)267(1.7)51(1.2)(†)3(0.5)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2005 Baltimore City(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Boston299(3.3)16(0.9)256(2.0)45(1.4)261(2.0)28(1.2)309(3.6)11(0.9)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.2)
2005 Charlotte304(1.7)38(1.1)264(1.2)48(1.3)262(3.5)9(0.7)(†)4(0.5)(†)1(0.2)(†)1(0.3)
2005 Chicago281(3.3)12(1.7)245(2.0)45(2.2)263(1.5)38(2.5)292(5.1)4(1.1)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2005 Cleveland265(3.8)18(2.0)244(1.8)70(1.9)251(4.4)10(0.9)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.3)
2005 Dallas(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Detroit(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 District of Columbia (DCPS)317(4.2)4(0.3)241(1.0)88(0.6)252(3.0)7(0.5)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2005 Fresno(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Hillsborough County (FL)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Houston294(3.4)10(0.7)257(1.6)28(1.1)265(1.2)58(1.3)299(4.1)4(0.4)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2005 Jefferson County (KY)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Los Angeles280(3.2)9(0.9)239(4.2)13(1.1)245(1.1)72(1.2)291(3.0)6(0.6)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2005 Miami-Dade(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Milwaukee(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 New York City286(3.8)15(1.8)257(2.6)35(2.2)259(1.8)38(2.3)295(4.5)13(1.4)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2005 Philadelphia(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 San Diego292(2.3)26(1.5)253(2.8)15(1.0)258(2.1)41(1.5)282(2.4)17(1.1)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)
2003National public287(0.3)62(0.4)252(0.5)17(0.3)258(0.6)15(0.3)289(1.3)4(0.2)265(1.2)1(0.1)276(2.2)1(0.0)
2003 Large city285(0.9)24(0.8)247(1.1)35(1.0)256(1.0)33(0.9)281(2.1)8(0.5)265(5.1)1(0.1)269(6.6)#(†)
2003 Albuquerque(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Atlanta298(5.8)5(0.7)241(0.9)93(0.7)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2003 Austin(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Baltimore City(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Boston289(3.1)16(1.0)251(1.4)46(1.3)252(2.0)28(1.1)300(4.0)9(0.8)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2003 Charlotte301(1.5)42(1.4)258(1.6)46(1.4)262(5.0)6(0.6)293(4.9)5(0.6)(†)1(0.2)(†)1(0.3)
2003 Chicago276(4.4)10(1.7)245(1.9)51(2.5)259(2.0)36(2.9)286(4.2)4(1.1)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2003 Cleveland269(2.6)15(0.9)249(1.9)72(1.3)249(3.9)11(1.0)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.3)
2003 Dallas(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Detroit(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 District of Columbia (DCPS)(†)3(0.3)240(0.8)87(0.7)246(3.2)9(0.6)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2003 Fresno(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Hillsborough County (FL)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Houston293(3.0)8(0.7)259(1.4)33(1.1)261(1.4)55(1.1)(†)3(0.4)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2003 Jefferson County (KY)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Los Angeles277(4.7)10(0.8)234(3.4)12(1.5)240(1.1)71(1.8)275(3.7)7(0.8)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2003 Miami-Dade(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Milwaukee(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 New York City289(2.7)16(1.5)253(2.4)36(2.3)260(3.0)34(2.2)286(4.3)14(1.5)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2003 Philadelphia(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 San Diego284(2.0)27(1.1)252(2.7)16(1.1)248(1.6)38(1.3)278(2.2)19(1.1)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)