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The cognitive category of Reasoning measures students' ability to use information and economic concepts accurately to solve problems, evaluate issues, and interpret situations. Items in the Reasoning category asked students to

  • interpret data to identify an event or a trend, explain the cause, and recommend policy;
  • apply or use a concept when the concept is not specified;
  • apply more than one concept when one or more concepts are specified; and
  • perform a multiple-step analysis on a given scenario or event.

Last updated 03 November 2006 (JM)

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National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education