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 Questionnaires for Students, Teachers, and Schools

In addition to assessing subject-area achievement, NAEP collects information that serves to fulfill reporting requirements of federal legislation and to provide a context for reporting student performance. The legislation requires that, whenever feasible, NAEP include information on special groups (e.g., information reported by race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, gender, disability, and limited English proficiency).

As part of most NAEP assessments, four types of questionnaires are used to collect information:

  • student questionnaires collect information on students' demographic characteristics, classroom experiences, and educational support (completed by students);
  • teacher questionnaires gather data on teacher training, and instructional practices (completed by teachers at grades 4 and 8. NAEP typically does not collect teacher information for grade 12);
  • school questionnaires gather information on school policies and characteristics (completed by the principal or assistant principal); and
  • SD/ELL (students with disabilities or English language learners) questionnaires collect information about students selected in the sample who have disabilities or limited English proficiency (completed by special education teacher, bilingual education/ESL teacher, or staff member who is most familiar with the student).

The Background Information Framework, developed by the National Assessment Governing Board in 2003, now guides the collection and reporting of non-cognitive assessment information. In addition, subject-area frameworks provide guidance on subject-specific non-cognitive assessment questions to be included in the questionnaires. Questions being considered for inclusion in the questionnaire are reviewed by experts and are tested with students, teachers, and schools before the actual administration. When developing the questionnaires, NAEP ensures that the questions do not infringe on respondents' privacy, that they are grounded in educational research, and that the answers can provide information relevant to the subject being assessed.

Students complete the questionnaires voluntarily, and their responses are kept confidential. Student names are never reported with their responses or with the other information collected by NAEP.

Students are given ten minutes to complete the questions, typically located at the end of their student assessment booklets. The two sections of student questions each take about five minutes to complete. The teacher, school, and SD/ELL questionnaires are printed in separate booklets. With increasing frequency, teacher and school questionnaires are completed electronically via the MySchool website.

In the web-based NAEP Data Explorer, the results of the questionnaires are sorted into eight broad categories: Major Reporting Groups, Student Factors, Factors Beyond School, Instructional Content and Practice, Teacher Factors, School Factors, Community Factors, and Government Factors.

The following questionnaires are available in PDF format.

Student Questionnaires (completed by students)
  Grade 4 Grade 8 Grade 12
Civics (2014)   128K 
Geography (2014)    132K  
U.S. History (2014)   132K
Mathematics (2013) 261K 322K 328K
Reading (2013) 280K 301K 284K
Economics (2012) 159K
Mathematics (2011)  94K 109K  
Reading (2011)  65K  92K  
Science (2011)    82K  
Computer-Based Assessment in Mathematics (2011)   130K  
Computer-Based Assessment in Writing (2011)   130K 132K
Civics (2010) 769K 577K 1.2M
Geography (2010) 572K 677K 106K
U.S. History (2010) 1.3M 1.3M 644K
Mathematics (2009)  88K 111K 127K
Reading (2009)  89K  99K 102K
Science (2009)  96K 100K  118K
Arts (2008)   509K  
Music (2008)   505K  
Mathematics (2007) 156K 106K  
Reading (2007) 171K 118K  
Writing (2007)   116K 126K
Civics (2006) 97K 112K 117K
Economics (2006)     144K
U.S. History (2006) 91K 116K 120K
Mathematics (2005) 69K  99K 108K
Reading (2005) 92K  98K 104K
Science (2005) 73K  83K  92K


School Questionnaires (completed by the principal or assistant principal)
  Grade 4 Grade 8 Grade 12
Civics/Geography/U.S. History (2014)    242K
Reading/Mathematics (2013)
504K    507K 527K
Grade 12 (2012)
Includes School Characteristics & Policies, Economics, Supplemental Charter School
Writing (2011)    613K 708K
Reading/Mathematics (2011) 968K    
Reading/Mathematics/Science (2011)    1.3M  
Reading/Mathematics/Science/Writing (2011)    1.2M  
Civics/Geography/U.S. History/Writing  (2010) 894K  915K 955K
Mathematics, Reading, Science (2009) 224K  230K 246K
Arts (2008)    553K  
Mathematics, Reading, Writing (2007) 183K  187K 121K
Civics, Economics, U.S. History, Mathematics, Reading, Writing (2006) 211K  210K 194K
Math/Reading/Science (2005) 109K  116K 171K


Students with Disabilities/English Language Learners (SD/ELL) (completed by principal/assistant principal, special education teacher, bilingual education/ESL teacher, classroom teacher)

SD all subjects (2013)

SD all subjects (2012) 488K
SD Long-Term Trend/Grade 12 (2012) 526K
ELL all subjects (2013) 511K
ELL all subjects (2012) 462K

ELL Long-term trend/Grade 12 (2012)


SD Computer-Based Assessment (2011)

SD all subjects (2011) 532K
ELL Computer-Based Assessment (2011) 451K
ELL (2011)  502K
SD all subjects (2010) 111K
SD all subjects (2009) 373K

ELL all subjects (2010)

ELL all subjects (2009) 370K
SD Arts (2008)  933K
SD Long-Term Trend (2008) 659K
ELL Arts (2008) 929K
ELL Long-Term Trend (2008) 688K
SD all subjects (2007) 709K
SD all subjects (2006)  68K
ELL all subjects (2007) 672K
ELL all subjects (2006)  69K
SD all subjects (2005)  76K
LEP all subjects (2005)  72K


Teacher Questionnaires (Completed by teachers at grades 4 and 8. NAEP does not typically collect teacher information for grade 12.)
  Grade 4 Grade 8 Grade 12
Civics/Geography/U.S. History (2014)   200K  
Reading/Mathematics (2013) 424K
Reading (2013) 375K
Mathematics (2013)   374K

Economics—Department Head (2012)

Reading/Mathematics (2011)  1.2M    
Reading (2011)   754K  
Reading/Writing (2011)   841K  
Mathematics (2011)   798K  
Writing (2011)   681K  
Science (2011)   934K  

Civics/Geography/U.S. History/Writing (2010)

Civics/Geography/U.S. History (2010)   788K  
Writing (2010)    741K  
Mathematics/Reading/Science (2009) 246K    
Mathematics (2009)    106K  
Reading (2009)   101K  
Science (2009)   117K  
Language Arts/Mathematics (2007) 384K    
Mathematics (2007)   320K  
Language Arts (2007)   121K  
Civics, U.S. History (2006) 200K 129K  
Economics (2006)     116K
Economics Department Head (2006)      61K
Mathematics (included with U.S. History/Civics at grade 4) (2006) 200K 135K  
Mathematics (2005) 243K 207K  
Reading (2005) 243K 187K  
Science (2005) 243K 172K  


Long-Term Trend Student Questionnaires
  Age 9 Age 13 Age 17
Mathematics (2012)   92K  95K  94K
Reading (2012)   94K  95K  93K
Mathematics (2008) 790K 830K 872K
Reading (2008) 815K 836K 853K
Mathematics/Reading (2004)   439K

You may also download questionnaires from 2003. To obtain earlier questionnaires, please contact Sherran Osborne in the NCES Assessment Division at 202-502-7420 or 202-502-7400, or specify the questionnaires you need by writing to Contact Us.

Questionnaires are also available in the Sample Questions booklets, which contain other assessment information and are distributed to schools before each assessment.​​

Last updated 25 February 2014 (JM)
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