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​​​​Questionnaires for Students, Teachers, and Schools

In addition to assessing subject-area achievement, NAEP collects information that serves to fulfill reporting requirements of federal legislation and to provide a context for reporting student performance. The legislation requires that, whenever feasible, NAEP include information on special groups (e.g., information reported by race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, gender, disability, and limited English proficiency).

As part of most NAEP assessments, four types of questionnaires are used to collect information:

  • Student questionnaires collect information on students' demographic characteristics, classroom experiences, and educational support (completed by students);
  • Teacher questionnaires gather data on teacher training and instructional practices (completed by teachers at grades 4 and 8. NAEP typically does not collect teacher information for grade 12);
  • School questionnaires gather information on school policies and characteristics (completed by the principal or assistant principal); and
  • SD/ELL (students with disabilities or English language learners) questionnaires collect information about students selected in the sample who have disabilities or limited English proficiency (completed by special education teacher, bilingual education/ESL teacher, or staff member who is most familiar with the student).

The Background Information Framework, developed by the National Assessment Governing Board in 2003, now guides the collection and reporting of non-cognitive assessment information. In addition, subject-area frameworks provide guidance on subject-specific non-cognitive assessment questions to be included in the questionnaires. Questions being considered for inclusion in the questionnaire are reviewed by experts and are tested with students, teachers, and schools before the actual administration. When developing the questionnaires, NAEP ensures that the questions do not infringe on respondents' privacy, that they are grounded in educational research, and that the answers can provide information relevant to the subject being assessed.

Students complete the questionnaires voluntarily and their responses are kept confidential. Student names are never reported with their responses or with the other information collected by NAEP.

Students are given 10 minutes to complete the questions, typically located at the end of their student assessment booklets. The two sections of student questions each take about 5 minutes to complete. The teacher, school, and SD/ELL questionnaires are printed in separate booklets. With increasing frequency, teacher and school questionnaires are completed electronically via the MySchool website.

In the web-based NAEP Data Explorer, the results of the questionnaires are sorted into eight broad categories: Major Reporting Groups, Student Factors, Factors Beyond School, Instructional Content and Practice, Teacher Factors, School Factors, Community Factors, and Government Factors.

The following questionnaires are available in PDF formatPDF File.

Student Questionnaires
(completed by students)
  Grade 4 Grade 8 Grade 12
Arts (2016)  191K 
Mathematics (2015) 353K 371K 280K
Reading (2015) 350K 366K 406K
Science (2015) 363K 523K 437K
Computer-Based Assessment in Technology and Literacy Engineering (2014)  205K 
Civics (2014)  128K
Geography (2014)  132K
U.S. History (2014)  132K
Mathematics (2013) 261K 322K 328K
Reading (2013) 280K 301K 284K
Economics (2012) 159K
Computer-Based Assessment in Mathematics (2011)  130K 
Computer-Based Assessment in Writing (2011)  130K 132K
Civics (2010) 769K 577K 1.2M
Geography (2010) 572K 677K 106K
U.S. History (2010) 1.3M 1.3M 644K
Arts (2008)  509K 
Music (2008)  505K 


School Questionnaires
​(completed by the principal or assistant principal)
  Grade 4 Grade 8 Grade 12
Arts (2016)  239K 
Reading/Mathematics/Science (2015) 346K 347K 372K
Computer-Based Assessment in Technology and Engineering Literacy (2014)  224K 
Civics/Geography/U.S. History (2014) 242K
Reading/Mathematics (2013)
504K 507K 527K
Grade 12 (2012)
Includes School Characteristics & Policies, Economics, Supplemental Charter School
Writing (2011)  613K 708K
Civics/Geography/U.S. History/Writing  (2010) 894K 915K 955K
Arts (2008)  553K 


Students with Disabilities/English Language Learners (SD/ELL) Questionnaires ​
(completed by principal/assistant principal, special education teacher,
bilingual education/ESL teacher, classroom teacher)
SD all subjects (2013) 552K
SD all subjects (2012) 488K
SD Long-Term Trend/Grade 12 (2012) 526K
ELL all subjects (2013) 511K
ELL all subjects (2012) 462K
ELL Long-term trend/Grade 12 (2012) 502K
SD Computer-Based Assessment (2011) 495K
SD all subjects (2011) 532K
ELL Computer-Based Assessment (2011) 451K
SD Arts (2008)  933K
SD Long-Term Trend (2008) 659K
ELL Arts (2008) 929K
ELL Long-Term Trend (2008) 688K


Teacher Questionnaires
(Completed by teachers at grades 4 and 8. NAEP does
not typically collect teacher information for grade 12.)
  Grade 4 Grade 8 Grade 12
Reading/Mathematics/Science (2015) 323K  
Reading (2015)  238K 
Mathematics (2015)  234K 
Science (2015)  270K 
Civics/Geography/U.S. History (2014)  200K 
Reading/Mathematics (2013) 424K  
Reading (2013)  375K 
Mathematics (2013)  374K 
Economics—Department Head (2012)   777K
Writing (2011)  681K 
Science (2011)  934K 
Civics/Geography/U.S. History/Writing (2010) 873K  
Civics/Geography/U.S. History (2010)  788K 
Economics (2006)   116K
Economics Department Head (2006)   61K


National Indian Education Study Questionnaires
  Grade 4 Grade 8
Student (2015)  73K 87K
Teacher (2015)  140K 149K
School (2015) 136K 140K


Long-Term Trend Student Questionnaires
  Age 9 Age 13 Age 17
Mathematics (2012)  92K 95K 94K
Reading (2012)  94K 95K 93K
Mathematics (2008) 790K 830K 872K
Reading (2008) 815K 836K 853K
Mathematics/Reading (2004)   439K

You may also download questionnaires from earlier years​. To obtain earlier questionnaires, please contact Sherran Osborne in the NCES Assessment Division at 202-502-7420 or 202-502-7400, or specify the questionnaires you need by writing to Contact Us.

Questionnaires are also available in the Sample Questions booklets, which contain other assessment information and are distributed to schools before each assessment.​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​


Last updated 09 October 2015 (RH)
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