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NAEP Accommodations Increase Inclusiveness

The responses of students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL) on NAEP assessments represent those of hundreds of other similar students. Without them, information about how to best meet the educational needs of these students would be lost. NAEP incorporates inclusive policies and practices into every aspect of the assessment, including selection of students, participation in the assessment administration, and valid and effective accommodations. This is essential to ensuring an assessment that yields meaningful NAEP results for all students. By representing their peers across the nation on NAEP, students with disabilities and English language learners help to ensure that NAEP results can be used to inform efforts to improve educational programs.

Just like any other student, SD and ELL students are selected to participate in NAEP. Within each selected school and grade to be assessed, students are chosen at random to participate in NAEP. Regardless of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, disability, status as an English language learner, or any other factors, every student has the same chance of being selected, because NAEP is administered to a sample of students who represent the student population of the nation as a whole, and for state level tests, of each individual state.

The accommodations allowed on NAEP and those allowed in states are often similar, but there may be some differences. Sometimes these differences result from the way that the subject being measured is defined in the NAEP frameworks. For example, NAEP does not allow read-aloud of any part of the NAEP reading test except the instructions, because decoding words is part of what the NAEP framework is measuring.

The many accommodations available in NAEP can be categorized for ease of understanding:

standard

Standard NAEP Practice, for SD and/or ELL 

Standard Accommodations for SD/ELL Students Math Reading Science Writing (CBA) Civics, Economics, Geography, U.S. History Music and Visual Arts TEL (pilot 2013) Writing (before CBA; paper and pencil)
Extended time Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Small group, or one-on-one Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
One-on-one Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Directions only read aloud in English Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Test items read aloud in English – occasional  or most/all Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Breaks during test Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Writes directly in the booklet  No No No No No No No No

sd_students

Other Accommodations for SD students 

Other Accommodations for SD Students Math Reading Science Writing (CBA) Civics, Economics, Geography, U.S. History Music and Visual Arts TEL (pilot 2013) Writing (before CBA; paper and pencil)
Calculator version of the test FN3
Yes FN3 No
No No No No No No
Must have an aide present in the testing room
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Responds orally to a scribe Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Large print version of the test Yes Yes Yes Yes UD Yes Yes (Music Only) Yes UD
Yes
Magnification Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Uses template/special equipment/preferential seating Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Cueing to stay on task Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Presentation in Braille Yes Yes No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Response in Braille ​Yes Yes​ ​Yes Yes​ Yes​ Yes​ Yes​ Yes​
Presentation in Sign Language Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Response in Sign Language ​Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ​No ​No ​No

accommodations

Other Accommodations for ELL students 

Accommodations for ELL Students Math Reading Science Writing (CBA) Civics, Economics, Geography, U.S. History Music and Visual Arts TEL (pilot 2013) Writing (before CBA; paper and pencil)
Bilingual dictionary without definitions in any language Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
Directions only read aloud in Spanish  Yes Yes
Yes Yes
Yes Yes (in Music, No in VisArt) No Yes
Spanish/English version of the test (not g12) Yes No Yes No FN6
Yes FN3 Yes
No
No
Test items read aloud in Spanish (not g12 Math) Yes No Yes No Yes
No
No No

universal

Universal Design Elements and descriptions 

Universal Design Elements available for all students in Computer-Based Assessments Used for CBA Writing 2011 and TEL pilot 2013
Adjusting font size

Text size options are provided for short standalone items (e.g., multiple choice and short constructed response items), but not for the scenario-based tasks which will be the standard 14-point font. For the short standalone items, students can change between three sizes ranging from approximately 14-point font to approximately 48-point font. Forty-eight point font is approximately ¾ - inch tall.

NOTE: This only enlarges the short standalone items , NOT the scenario-based tasks, tool icons, menus, etc.

Small group Unnecessary due to the mode of test administration. All students are interacting on a one-on-one basis with the computer and will have earbuds to reduce distractions. Read aloud and other accommodations will be provided through the compute
One-on-one Unnecessary due to the mode of test administration. All students are interacting on a one-on-one basis with the computer and will have earbuds to reduce distractions. Read aloud and other accommodations will be provided through the computer and will not distract other students in the room.
Directions only read aloud in English-occasional (text to speech) General directions are read aloud to all students. Directions within the assessment can be read aloud using the text to speech function. See Test items read aloud in English for more information.
Test items read aloud in English – occasional (text to speech) Students select some or all text to be read aloud. Tutorial explains how to do this and has full audio. Text selection is provided for short standalone items (e.g., multiple choice and short constructed response items). For scenario-based tasks, all text is read aloud; individual words or phrases cannot be selected.
Test items read aloud in English – most or all (text to speech) Students select some or all text to be read aloud. Tutorial explains how to do this and has full audio. Text selection is provided for short standalone items (e.g., multiple choice and short constructed response items). For scenario-based tasks, all text is read aloud; individual words or phrases cannot be selected.
Using a computer or typewriter to respond All students respond on NAEP-provided laptops.
Adjusting contrast or colors Students have a choice of three color options, or skins, including one high-contrast option.
Highlighter tool

A yellow highlighter tool is available for short standalone items (e.g., multiple choice and short constructed response items).

NOTE: This tool is not available for the student questionnaire or the scenario-based tasks.
Eliminating answer choice tool

A tool for eliminating answer choices for short standalone items (e.g., multiple choice and discrete items) in the cognitive section of the assessment (as appropriate).

NOTE: This tool is not available for the student questionnaire or the scenario-based tasks.

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Last updated 13 May 2013 (TO)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education