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Educational institutions

Question:
How many educational institutions exist in the United States?

Response:
During most of the last century, the trend to consolidate small schools brought declines in the total number of public schools in the United States. In 192930, there were approximately 248,000 public schools, compared with about 99,000 in 201011. However, the number of public schools has increased in recent decades: between 198889 and 200607, there was an increase of approximately 15,600 schools. Since 200607, the number of public schools has remained relatively stable, varying by about 200 schools or less from year to year. Since the early 1970s, public school systems have been shifting away from junior high schools (schools consisting of either grades 7 and 8 or grades 7 to 9) and toward middle schools (a subset of elementary schools beginning with grade 4, 5, or 6 and ending with grade 6, 7, or 8). Although the number of all elementary schools (schools beginning with grade 6 or below and having no grade higher than 8) was similar in 197071 and 200001 (64,000 in 197071 and 64,600 in 200001), the number of middle schools was 462 percent higher in 200001 than in 197071 (11,700 vs. 2,100). During the same period, the number of junior high schools declined by 57 percent (from 7,800 in 197071 to 3,300 in 200001). Between 200001 and 201011, the number of all elementary schools rose by 4 percent to 67,100, while the subset of middle schools rose by 12 percent to 13,000. During the same period, the number of junior high schools declined by 14 percent to 2,900.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2013). Digest of Education Statistics, 2012 (NCES 2014-015), Chapter 2.

Number of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 198081 through 201011
Level and control of institution 198081 199091 200001 200102 200203 200304 200405 200506 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011
Public schools 85,982 84,538 93,273 94,112 95,615 95,726 96,513 97,382 98,793 98,916 98,706 98,817 98,817
Elementary 59,326 59,015 64,601 65,228 65,718 65,758 65,984 66,026 66,458 67,112 67,148 67,140 67,086
Secondary 22,619 21,135 21,994 22,180 22,599 22,782 23,445 23,998 23,920 24,643 24,348 24,651 24,544
Combined 1,743 2,325 5,096 5,288 5,552 5,437 5,572 5,707 5,984 5,899 5,623 5,730 6,137
Other1 2,294 2,063 1,582 1,416 1,746 1,749 1,512 1,651 2,431 1,262 1,587 1,296 1,050
Private schools2 20,764 24,690 35,895 34,681 35,054 33,740 33,366
Postsecondary Title IV institutions 6,479 6,458 6,354 6,412 6,383 6,463 6,536 6,551 6,632 6,742 7,021
Degree-granting institutions 3,231 3,559 4,182 4,197 4,168 4,236 4,216 4,276 4,314 4,352 4,409 4,495 4,599
2-year colleges 1,274 1,418 1,732 1,710 1,702 1,706 1,683 1,694 1,685 1,677 1,690 1,721 1,729
4-year colleges 1,957 2,141 2,450 2,487 2,466 2,530 2,533 2,582 2,629 2,675 2,719 2,774 2,870
Less than 2-year 2,297 2,261 2,186 2,176 2,167 2,187 2,222 2,199 2,223 2,247 2,422

Not available.

1Includes special education, alternative, and other schools not classified by grade span.

2 Data for 198081 and 199091 include schools with first or higher grades. Data for 200001 and later years include schools with kindergarten or higher grades.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2013). Digest of Education Statistics, 2012 (NCES 2014-015), Table 5.

Related Tables and Figures:  (Listed by Release Date)

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education