How many educational institutions exist in the United States?
During most of the last century, the trend to consolidate small schools brought declines in the total number of public schools in the United States. In 1929–30, there were approximately 248,000 public schools, compared with about 98,000 in 2012–13. However, the number of public schools has increased in recent decades: between 1988–89 and 2006–07, there was an increase of approximately 15,600 schools. Since 2006–07, the number of public schools has remained relatively stable, varying by about 500 schools or less from year to year.
Since the early 1970s, public school systems have been shifting away from junior high schools (schools consisting of either grades 7 and 8 or grades 7 to 9) and moving toward middle schools (a subset of elementary schools beginning with grade 4, 5, or 6 and ending with grade 6, 7, or 8). Although the number of all elementary schools (schools beginning with grade 6 or below and having no grade higher than 8) was similar in 1970–71 and 2000–01 (64,000 in 1970–71 and 64,600 in 2000–01), the number of middle schools was 462 percent higher in 2000–01 than in 1970–71 (11,700 vs. 2,100). During the same period, the number of junior high schools declined by 57 percent (from 7,800 in 1970–71 to 3,300 in 2000–01). Between 2002–03 and 2012–13, the number of all elementary schools rose by 2 percent to 66,700, while the subset of middle schools rose by 7 percent to 13,100. During the same period, the number of junior high schools declined by 14 percent to 2,800.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2016). Digest of Education Statistics, 2014 (NCES 2016-006), Chapter 2.
|Number of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1980–81 through 2012–13|
|Level and control of institution||1980–81||1990–91||2000–01||2001–02||2002–03||2003–04||2004–05||2005–06||2006–07||2007–08||2008–09||2009–10||2010–11||2011–12||2012–13|
|Postsecondary Title IV institutions||–||–||6,479||6,458||6,354||6,412||6,383||6,463||6,536||6,551||6,632||6,742||7,021||7,234||7,253|
1Includes special education, alternative, and other schools not classified by grade span. Because of changes in survey definitions, figures for "other" schools are not comparable from year to year.
2 Data for 1980–81 and 1990–91 include schools with first or higher grades. Data for 2000–01 and later years include schools with kindergarten or higher grades.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2016). Digest of Education Statistics, 2014 (NCES 2016-006), Table 105.50.
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