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Degrees conferred by sex and race

Question:
What is the percentage of degrees conferred by sex and race?

Response:
From 19992000 to 200910, the percentage of degrees earned by females remained between approximately 60 and 62 percent for associate's degrees and between 57 and 58 percent for bachelor's degrees. In contrast, the percentages of both master's and doctor's degrees earned by females increased from 19992000 to 200910 (from 58 to 60 percent and from 45 to 52 percent, respectively). Within each racial/ethnic group, women earned the majority of degrees at all levels in 200910. For example, among U.S. residents, Black females earned 68 percent of associate's degrees, 66 percent of bachelor's degrees, 71 percent of master's degrees, and 65 percent of all doctor's degrees awarded to Black students. Hispanic females earned 62 percent of associate's degrees, 61 percent of bachelor's degrees, 64 percent of master's degrees, and 55 percent of all doctor's degrees awarded to Hispanic students.

From 19992000 to 200910, the number of degrees earned among U.S. residents increased for students of all racial/ethnic groups for each level of degree, but at varying rates. For associate's, bachelor's, and master's degrees, the change in percentage distribution of degree recipients was characterized by an increase in the numbers of degrees conferred to Black and Hispanic students. For doctor's degrees, the change in percentage distribution of degree recipients was characterized by an increase in the numbers of degrees conferred to Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islander students.

Among U.S. residents, the number of associate's degrees earned by Hispanic students more than doubled from academic years 19992000 to 200910 (increasing by 118 percent), and the number earned by Black students increased by 89 percent. As a result, Blacks earned 14 percent and Hispanics earned 13 percent of all associate's degrees awarded in 200910, up from 11 percent and 9 percent, respectively, in 19992000. During the same time period, the number of bachelor's degrees awarded to Black students increased by 53 percent, and the number awarded to Hispanic students increased by 87 percent. In 200910, Black students earned 10 percent and Hispanics earned 9 percent of all bachelor's degrees conferred, versus the 9 and 6 percent, respectively, earned in 19992000. Similarly, the numbers of master's degrees earned by Black and Hispanic students more than doubled from 19992000 to 200910 (increasing by 109 percent and 125 percent, respectively). As a result, among U.S. residents in 200910, Black students earned 12 percent and Hispanics earned 7 percent of all master's degrees conferred, up from 9 percent and 5 percent, respectively, in 19992000. In addition, the number of doctor's degrees awarded increased by 60 percent for Hispanic students and by 47 percent for Black students.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2012). The Condition of Education 2012 (NCES 2012-045), Indicator 47.

Number of degrees conferred to U.S. residents by degree-granting institutions, percentage distribution of degrees conferred, and percentage of degrees conferred to females, by level of degree and race/ethnicity: Academic years 19992000 and 200910
Level of degree and race/ethnicity Number Percentage distribution Percent conferred to females
19992000 200910 19992000 200910 19992000 200910
Associate's 554,845 833,337 100.0 100.0 60.3 62.0
White 408,772 552,863 73.7 66.3 59.8 60.9
Black 60,221 113,905 10.9 13.7 65.2 68.3
Hispanic 51,573 112,211 9.3 13.5 59.4 62.4
Asian/Pacific Islander 27,782 44,021 5.0 5.3 56.8 58.5
American Indian/Alaska Native 6,497 10,337 1.2 1.2 65.8 64.9
Bachelor's 1,198,809 1,602,480 100.0 100.0 57.5 57.4
White 929,106 1,167,499 77.5 72.9 56.6 56.0
Black 108,013 164,844 9.010.3 65.7 65.9
Hispanic 75,059 140,316 6.3 8.8 59.6 60.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 77,912 117,422 6.5 7.3 54.0 54.5
American Indian/Alaska Native 8,719 12,399 0.7 0.8 60.3 60.7
Master's 406,761 611,693 100.0 100.0 60.0 62.6
White 324,981 445,038 79.9 72.8 59.6 61.8
Black 36,595 76,458 9.0 12.5 68.2 71.1
Hispanic 19,384 43,535 4.8 7.1 60.1 64.3
Asian/Pacific Islander 23,538 42,072 5.8 7.0 52.0 54.3
American Indian/Alaska Native 2,263 3,960 0.6 0.6 62.7 64.3
Doctor's1 106,494 140,505 100.0 100.0 47.0 53.3
White 82,984 104,426 77.9 74.3 45.4 51.4
Black 7,080 10,417 6.6 7.4 61.0 65.2
Hispanic 5,039 8,085 4.7 5.8 48.4 55.0
Asian/Pacific Islander 10,684 16,625 10.0 11.8 48.8 56.5
American Indian/Alaska Native 707 952 0.7 0.7 52.9 54.8
1 Includes Ph.D., Ed.D., and comparable degrees at the doctoral level. Includes most degrees formerly classified as first-professional, such as M.D., D.D.S., and law degrees.

NOTE: Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Reported racial/ethnic distributions of students by type of degree, field of degree, and sex were used to estimate race/ethnicity for students whose race/ethnicity was not reported. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Nonresident aliens are excluded because information about their race/ethnicity is not available. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2012). The Condition of Education 2012 (NCES 2012-045), Table A-47-2.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education