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Students with disabilities

Question:
How many students in postsecondary education have a disability?

Response:

Eleven percent of undergraduates in both 2007–08 and 2011–12 reported having a disability. In 2011–12, the percentage of undergraduates who reported having a disability was 11 percent for both males and females. However, there were some differences in the percentages of undergraduates with disabilities by characteristics such as veteran status, age, dependency status, and race/ethnicity. For example, 21 percent of undergraduates who were veterans reported having a disability, compared with 11 percent of undergraduates who were not veterans. The percentage of undergraduates having a disability was higher among those age 30 and over (16 percent) than among 15- to 23-year-olds (9 percent) and 24- to 29-year-olds (11 percent). Among dependent undergraduates, 9 percent reported having a disability, which was lower than the percentages for independent undergraduates who were married (13 percent) or unmarried (14 percent). Compared to undergraduates of other racial/ethnic groups, a lower percentage of Asian undergraduates (8 percent) had a disability. The percentage of postbaccalaureate students who reported having a disability in 2011–12 (5 percent) was lower than the percentage for undergraduates (11 percent).

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2016). Digest of Education Statistics, 2014 (2016-006), Chapter 3.

Percentage distribution of undergraduate students enrolled in postsecondary institutions, by disability status and selected student characteristics: 2007–08 and 2011–12
Selected student characteristic Students with disabilities1 Nondisabled students
2007–08 2011–12 2007–08 2011–12
Percentage distribution of students (Total) 10.9 11.1 89.1 88.9
Sex (percent)        
Male 10.9 11.3 89.1 88.7
Female 11.0 11.0 89.0 89.0
Race/ethnicity of student (percent)        
White 11.7 11.1 88.3 88.9
Black 9.9 12.2 90.1 87.8
Hispanic 9.4 10.4 90.6 89.7
Asian 8.0 8.0 92.0 92.0
Pacific Islander 7.6 14.9 92.4 85.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 10.0 14.4 90.0 85.6
Two or more races 13.5 13.6 86.5 86.4
Other 11.3 88.7
Age (percent)        
15 to 23 9.8 9.0 90.2 91.0
24 to 29 12.8 11.3 87.2 88.7
30 or older 12.4 15.7 87.7 84.3
Dependency status (percent)        
Dependent 9.6 8.6 90.4 91.4
Independent, unmarried 14.1 14.3 85.9 85.7
Independent, married 12.0 13.3 88.0 86.7
Independent with dependents 11.5 13.1 88.5 86.9
Veteran status (percent)        
Veteran 15.0 20.6 85.0 79.4
Not veteran 10.8 10.8 89.2 89.3

— Not available.

1 Students with disabilities are those who reported that they had one or more of the following conditions: a specific learning disability, a visual handicap, hard of hearing, deafness, a speech disability, an orthopedic handicap, or a health impairment.

NOTE: Data are based on a sample survey of students who enrolled at any time during the school year. Data exclude Puerto Rico. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2016). Digest of Education Statistics, 2014 (NCES 2016-006), Table 311.10.

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