Do you have information on efforts to prevent violence in our schools?
Gun-Free Schools Act
The Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA) was reauthorized by Section 4141 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-110). GFSA requires that each state or outlying area receiving federal funds under the ESEA have a law that requires all local education agencies (LEAs) in these states and outlying areas to expel from school for at least one year any student determined to have brought a firearm to school, or to have possessed a firearm at school.
Overall, 50 states, the District of Columbia (D.C.), Puerto Rico, and outlying areas reported data under the GFSA for 2005-06 and 2006-07. They reported that they expelled 3,028 students determined to have brought a firearm to school in 2005-06, and 2,695 students in 2006-07. The expulsion rate was 6.1 students per every 100,000 students in 2005-06 and 5.5 per 100,000 in 2006-07.
- In 2005-06, more than half of the expulsions (55 percent) involved students determined to have brought a handgun to school, 12 percent involved a rifle or shotgun, and 34 percent were for some other type of firearm or other destructive device, such as bombs, grenades or starter pistols.
In 2006-07, more than half of the expulsions (53 percent) involved a handgun, 10 percent of the incidents involved a rifle or shotgun, and 37 percent were for some other type of firearm or other destructive device.
School Administrative Practices
One approach to preventing or reducing violence in schools is to structure the way the school manages its student population.
- During the 2009-10 school year, a higher percentage of schools with 1,000 or more students involved students in resolving student conduct problems as a component of violence prevention programs (60 percent) than did schools with lower enrollments (39 to 49 percent).
A higher percentage of suburban schools drilled students on a written plan describing procedures to be performed during a shooting (58 percent) than did city schools or rural schools (49 and 48 percent, respectively). The percentage of town schools (53 percent) that drilled students on this type of plan was not measurably different from the percentage of suburban schools.
- Among the factors that were reported to limit schools efforts to reduce or prevent crime in a major way, three were more likely to be reported than others: inadequate funds (25 percent); a lack of, or inadequate, alternative placements or programs for disruptive students (21 percent); and federal, state, or district policies on disciplining special education students (16 percent.)
- For students involved in the use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm or explosive device at school, 40 percent of students received out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days, 36 percent of students received other disciplinary actions (e.g., suspensions for less than 5 days, detention, etc.), 19 percent of students received transfers to specialized schools, and 6 percent of students received removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year .
Related Tables and Figures: (Listed by Release Date)
- 2014, Digest of Education Statistics 2013,
Table 233.50. Percentage of public and private schools with various safety and security measures, by school level: 200304, 200708, and 201112
- 2014, Digest of Education Statistics 2013, Table 233.60. Percentage of public and private schools with various safety and security measures, by school control and selected characteristics: 201112
- 2014, Digest of Education Statistics 2013, Table 233.70. Percentage of public schools with one or more full-time or part-time security staff present at least once a week, and % of schools with security staff routinely carrying a firearm, by selected school characteristics: 200506, 200708, and 200910
- 2014, Digest of Education Statistics 2013, Table 233.80. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported various security measures at school: Selected years, 1999 through 2011
Other Resources: (Listed by Release Date)