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School crime

Question:
Do you have any statistics on school crime?

Response:

The Crime and Safety Surveys Program collects and reports data on crime, violence, and safety in U.S. elementary and secondary schools. The following statistics are from the Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2014 report, which is designed to provide an annual snapshot of specific crime and safety indicators, covering topics such as victimization, teacher injury, bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, and student perceptions of personal safety at school.

Violent Deaths at School

Between July 1, 2011 and June 30, 2012, there were a total of 45 school-associated violent deaths in elementary and secondary schools in the United States. Of the 45 student, staff, and nonstudent school-associated violent deaths occurring during this time span, there were 26 homicides, 14 suicides, and 5 legal interventions.

Nonfatal Student Victimization–Student Reports

For students ages 12–18, the rate of violent victimization in 2013 was higher at school than away from school. The 2013 violent victimization rates were 37 per 1,000 students at school and 15 per 1,000 students away from school. This difference was driven primarily by higher rates of simple assault at school. In 2013, students ages 12–18 experienced about 1,420,900 nonfatal victimizations (theft and violent victimization) at school, compared with about 778,500 nonfatal victimizations away from school. These figures represent total crime victimization rates of 55 victimizations per 1,000 students at school and 30 per 1,000 students away from school.

Between 1992 and 2013, the total victimization rates for students ages 12–18 generally declined both at and away from school. This pattern also held for thefts, violent victimizations, and serious violent victimizations between 1992 and 2013.

Violence and Crime at School–Principal Reports

In all survey years the percentage of public schools that recorded incidents of crime was between 85 and 86 percent, with the exception of school year 2003–04. In 2003–04, the percentage of public schools that recorded incidents of crime was 89 percent. Similarly,the percentage of public schools that reported incidents of crime to the police was between 60 and 62 percent in all survey years with the exception of 2003–04, when 65 percent of public schools reported one or more incidents to the police.

For the majority of types of crime, the percentages of public schools recording incidents of crime or reporting incidents of crime to the police in 2009–10 were not measurably different from the percentages of schools doing so in 2007–08. However, the percentage of schools that recorded vandalism decreased from 49 percent in 2007–08 to 46 percent in 2009–10.

Teachers Threatened with Injury–Teacher Reports

During the 2011–12 school year, 9 percent of school teachers reported being threatened with injury by a student from their school. This percentage was lower than the 12 percent of teachers who reported being threatened with injury in 1993–94, but higher than the percentages of teachers who reported being threatened with injury in 2003–04 and 2007–08 (7 percent each). The percentage of teachers reporting that they had been physically attacked by a student from their school in 2011–12 (5 percent) was higher than in any previous survey year (ranging from 3 to 4 percent).

Perceptions of Personal Safety at School and Away From School–Student Reports

In 2013, about 3 percent of students ages 12–18 reported that they were afraid of attack or harm at school or on the way to and from school during the school year. Similarly, 3 percent of students ages 12–18 reported that they were afraid of attack or harm away from school during the school year. Between 1995 and 2013, the percentages of students who reported being afraid of attack or harm at school decreased overall (from 12 to 3 percent), as well as among male students (from 11 to 3 percent) and female students (from 13 to 4 percent).

Students' Reports of Illegal Drug Availability on School Property

The percentage of students in grades 9–12 who reported that illegal drugs were made available to them on school property increased from 1993 to 1995 (from 24 to 32 percent), but then decreased to 22 percent in 2013.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2015). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2014 (NCES 2015-072).


Percentage of students ages 1218 who reported criminal victimization at school during the previous 6 months, by type of victimization: Selected years, 1995 through 2013

The data in this figure is described in the surrounding text.

1 Serious violent crimes are also included in violent crimes.

NOTE: "Total victimization" includes theft and violent victimization. "Theft" includes attempted and completed purse-snatching, completed pickpocketing, and all attempted and completed thefts, with the exception of motor vehicle thefts. Theft does not include robbery, which involves the threat or use of force and is classified as a violent crime. "Serious violent victimization" includes the crimes of rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault. "Violent victimization" includes the serious violent crimes as well as simple assault. "At school" includes the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and, from 2001 onward, going to and from school. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because students who reported both theft and violent victimization are counted only once in total victimization.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2015). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2014 (NCES 2015-072), Figure 3.1.

Related Tables and Figures:  (Listed by Release Date)

Other Resources:  (Listed by Release Date)


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education