What are the most prevalent forms of child care?
A higher percentage of 4-year-old children (57 percent) were cared for primarily in center-based programs during the day in 2005–06 than had no regular nonparental care (20 percent) or were cared for primarily in home-based settings by relatives (13 percent) or by nonrelatives (8 percent). There were differences in the average quality of care children received in these settings. A higher percentage of children in Head Start and other center-based programs (35 percent) received high-quality care than those in home-based relative and nonrelative care (9 percent), according to the ratings of trained observers.
|Percentage distribution of children at about 4 years of age, by primary type of child care arrangement and selected characteristics: 2005-06|
|Characteristic||No regular nonparental arrangement||Home-based care||Center-based care1|
|Relative care||Non-relative care||Total||Head Start2||Other than Head Start3|
|Sex of child|
|Race/ethnicity of child|
|American Indian/Alaska Native||19.9||14.0||5.2||59.7||31.0||28.7|
|Two or more races||17.9||17.6||9.1||53.6||11.1||42.5|
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1Care provided in places such as early learning centers, nursery schools, and preschools.
2Care provided in the child’s home or in another private home by a relative (excluding parents).
3Care provided in the child’s home or in another private home by a person unrelated to the child.
NOTE: Primary type of child care arrangement is the type of nonparental care in which the child spent the most hours. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2012). Digest of Education Statistics, 2011 (NCES 2012–001), Table 56.
Related Tables and Figures: (Listed by Release Date)
Other Resources: (Listed by Release Date)