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Child care

Question:
What are the most prevalent forms of child care?

Response:
A higher percentage of 4-year-old children (57 percent) were cared for primarily in center-based programs during the day in 2005–06 than had no regular nonparental care (20 percent) or were cared for primarily in home-based settings by relatives (13 percent) or by nonrelatives (8 percent). There were differences in the average quality of care children received in these settings. A higher percentage of children in Head Start and other center-based programs (35 percent) received high-quality care than those in home-based relative and nonrelative care (9 percent), according to the ratings of trained observers.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2013). Digest of Education Statistics, 2012 (NCES 2014-015), Chapter 2.

Percentage distribution of children at about 4 years of age, by primary type of child care arrangement and selected characteristics: 2005–06
Characteristic No regular nonparental arrangement Home-based care Center-based care1
Relative care2 Non-relative care3 Total Head Start Other than Head Start
Total 20.0 13.1 7.6 57.4 12.6 44.8
Sex of child
Male 19.3 13.1 7.5 58.0 12.9 45.1
Female 20.7 13.2 7.7 56.8 12.4 44.4
Race/ethnicity of child
White 17.9 11.0 9.2 60.0 6.8 53.3
Black 16.3 13.9 4.4 62.1 25.1 37.0
Hispanic 27.3 15.9 6.2 49.3 18.6 30.7
Asian 17.1 16.1 3.6 60.9 5.5 55.3
Pacific Islander 22.3! 45.0! 19.9! 14.9!
American Indian/Alaska Native 19.9 14.0 5.2 59.7 31.0 28.7
Two or more races 17.9 17.6 9.1 53.6 11.1 42.5

! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.

‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.

1Care provided in places such as early learning centers, nursery schools, and preschools.

2Care provided in the child’s home or in another private home by a relative (excluding parents).

3Care provided in the child’s home or in another private home by a person unrelated to the child.

NOTE: Primary type of child care arrangement is the type of nonparental care in which the child spent the most hours. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2013). Digest of Education Statistics, 2012 (NCES 2014–015), Table 60.

Related Tables and Figures:  (Listed by Release Date)

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education