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June 2010

NPSAS:2008 Data Analysis System updated with new and revised variables

Download list of new and revised NPSAS:2008 variables. (PDF, 282KB)


February 2010

NPSAS:08 Student employment and remedial course variables were revised and new variables added

In the NPSAS:08 undergraduate DAS, the variables pertaining to student employment have been revised to correct the underestimates of students working full time and considering themselves to be primarily employees rather than students. For example, the estimated percentage of undergraduates considering themselves to be primarily employees (JOBROLE2) has been increased from 15 percent to 24 percent, the percentage working 35 or more hours per week (JOBENR2) has been increased from 26 percent to 34 percent, the average hours per week worked (JOBHOUR2) has been increased from 27 to 30 hours, and the average earnings per year (JOBEARN2) have been increased from $10,700 to $14,400. The employment variables will also be revised for the NPSAS:08 graduate DAS in the near future.

The variables for whether the student took remedial courses in 2007-08 (REMETOOK) and the number of remedial courses taken in 2007-08 (REMENUM) have been revised to include all undergraduates in the denominator. REMETOOK is now consistent with how the variable was coded in NPSAS:04. To restrict the denominator to include only first- and second-year students and those who were not in a degree program, use the variable REMETK2, Remedial courses: took in 2007-08 (1st and 2nd year students).

There has also been a minor revision to Undergraduate degree program (UGDEG). A few cases were recoded, causing no impact on the estimates. New variables have been added for net price, aid ratio, high school curriculum, college majors, and institution types.


December 2009

The weights in the NPSAS:1996 and NPSAS:2000 Data Analysis System files have been revised

The NPSAS:1996 and NPSAS:2000 weights were revised in order to make the federal Stafford loan estimates comparable across the various cycles of NPSAS. In early 2010, NCES will release a set of Web Tables with estimates of trends in undergraduate Stafford loan borrowing based on the revised weights in the data sets.

In NPSAS:1996, NPSAS:2000, and NPSAS:2004 the original weights were adjusted to sum to the total of Stafford loan gross commitments. In NPSAS:2008, however, the weights were adjusted to sum to the total Stafford loan net disbursements, which is the amount that students actually received after cancellations. The revised weights for NPSAS:1996, NPSAS:2000, and NPSAS:2004 (revised in June 2009) have now all been adjusted to sum to the actual net Stafford loan amounts disbursed and are now all comparable to the NPSAS:2008 Stafford loan data.

There has been no change in the NPSAS:1990 and NPSAS:1993 weights, because those cycles of NPSAS did not adjust to Stafford loan totals.

The revised NPSAS:1996 and NPSAS:2000 weights will produce estimates that differ from the estimates in any tables or publications produced before December 2009. Using the revised weights has the largest effect on the estimates of the average Stafford loan amounts, and therefore on the averages of all composite financial aid variables that include Stafford loans, such as total loans, total aid, and cumulative loans.

For undergraduates, applying the revised weights reduced the average Stafford loan amount by about $300 in 1995-96 and reduced the average Stafford loan amount by about $500 in 1999-2000. The average amount of total aid in those years was reduced by about one-half of these amounts. There were only minor changes in average grant amounts. However, the revised weights will result in some changes in the estimates for nearly all variables in NPSAS:1996 and NPSAS:2000, although the differences are usually very small.

To learn more about NPSAS, please visit: http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/npsas/.


July 2009

NPSAS 2008 and prior years Student Loan Comparisons

Data users who plan to compare student loan estimates from NPSAS:08 with prior years should be aware that the data on Stafford loans are currently only directly comparable with NPSAS:04.

NCES surveys use weights to inflate sample results to population totals. For NPSAS:08, weights for student loan data were based on total Stafford loan net disbursements, or the amount that students actually received after cancellations (about $57 billion in 2007-08). For NPSAS:04, the weights were based originally on Stafford loan gross commitments (about $48 billion in 2003-04). The equivalent net disbursements for NPSAS:04 were about $42 billion.

In 2008 NCES shifted its weighting procedure from gross commitments to net disbursements because it concluded that net disbursements provide a more accurate measure of student loan amounts applied to the cost of attendance than gross commitments. In June of 2009 NPSAS:04 weights were adjusted to sum to the total Stafford loan net disbursements, making them comparable to NPSAS:08.

The revised NPSAS:04 weights will produce estimates that differ from the estimates in any tables and publications produced before June 2009. Using the revised weights has the largest effect on estimates of average Stafford loan amounts, and therefore on estimates of averages of all composite financial aid variables that include Stafford loans, such as total loans, total aid, and cumulative loans. For undergraduates, the revised NPSAS:04 weights reduced the average Stafford loan amount by about $600, reduced the average total loan amount by about $500, reduced the average amount of total aid by about $300, and reduced the cumulative amount ever borrowed by about $800. There were only minor changes in average grant amounts. While the revised weights result in some changes in the estimates for nearly all variables in NPSAS:04, the differences are usually very small.

Revised weights for NPSAS:2000 will be made available in September 2009. Revised weights for NPSAS:1996 will become available in October 2009. Until these weights are provided, loan comparisons between earlier NPSAS data and NPSAS 2004 or 2008 should be avoided.

The revised weights will be announced at the NPSAS website and at the DAS website .


June 2009

NPSAS:2008 Data Analysis System updated with new and revised variables

NPSAS:2008 is available for creating Tables and estimating Covariance Analyses.


NPSAS:08 Undergraduate DAS New and Revised Variables

Variable Name Section Label
ACGCST Aid Ratio Ratio of Pell and ACG grants to student budget
ACGRAT1 Aid Ratio Ratio of Pell and ACG grants to total aid
ACGRAT2 Aid Ratio Ratio of Pell and ACG grants to total grants
AGEPSE Background Demographics Age at start of postsecondary education
ATTNINST Institution Characteristics Institution type and full-time status
CAGI Finances Income Adjusted Gross Income (AGI)
COLLGRAD Education Level Graduating senior in 2007-2008
COMPTO87 Survey Sample Comparable to 1987 NPSAS
CRBALDUE Finances Debt Other Credit cards: balance due on all credit cards
CRNUMCRD Finances Debt Other Credit cards: number of credit cards in own name
CRPARPAY Finances Debt Other Credit cards: parents help pay credit card bills
CRPAYOFF Finances Debt Other Credit cards: pay off or carry balance
CSTBKS Institution Price Cost of books and supplies (student reported)
CSTCMPTR Institution Price Cost of special equipment (student reported)
DELAYENR Background Demographics Delayed enrollment into PSE- number of years
DISABLE Background Disabilities Disability: has some type of disability
DISMOBIL Background Disabilities Disability: mobility impairment
DISOTHER Background Disabilities Disability: other long-lasting condition
DISSENSR Background Disabilities Disability: sensory impairment
DISTALL Education Courses Distance education: entire program
DISTEDUC Education Courses Distance education: took courses in 2007-08
DISTLOC Education Courses Distance education: location of courses
DISTYPES Background Disabilities Disability: main type of condition or impairment
EMPLYAM2 Aid Outside Grants Employer aid (parents)
FEDGRPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of federal grants to total aid
FEDLNPAK Aid Package Federal loan package by type of loan
FEDPACK Aid Package Federal aid package by type of aid
FEDPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of federal aid to total aid
FGRTLN Aid Federal Total federal loans and grants
GPA Education Performance Grade point average
GRNTSRC Aid Package Grant package by source of grant
GRTLOAN Aid Ratio Ratio of grants to total loans
GRTPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of grants to total aid
GRTRATIO Aid Ratio Ratio of grants to grants and loans
HSDEG Education High School High school degree type
HSGRADYY Education High School High school graduation year
IMMIGRA Background Family Immigrant status
INSTGPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of institutional grants to total aid
INSTPACK Aid Package Aid package with institutional aid
INSTPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of institution aid to total aid
LOANPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of loans to total aid (excl PLUS)
LOANPCT2 Aid Ratio Ratio of loans to total aid (incl PLUS)
LOANSRC Aid Package Loan package by source of loan
MAJORS Education Program Field of study/major (detailed)
MAJORS12 Education Program Field of study: undergraduate (12 cat)
NEEDAID1 Aid Total Total need-based aid
NETCST40 Aid Net Price Student budget minus state & institutional grants
NETCST41 Aid Net Price Student budget minus all aid except private loans
OTHTYPE2 Aid Outside Total other type of aid including work-study
PARBORN Parent Family Born in the U.S. (parents)
PAREDUC Parent Education Parent's highest education level
PCT6D Finances Income Dependent student income quartiles for 6 states
PCT6I Finances Income Independent student income quartiles for 6 states
PCTALL Finances Income Income percentile rank for all students
PCTDEP Finances Income Income percentile dependent students
PCTINDEP Finances Income Income percentile independent students
PCTPOV Finances Income Income percent of poverty level
PDADED Parent Education Father's highest education level
PELLCUM Aid Federal Grants Cumulative Pell amount
PELLFST Aid Federal Grants First year received a Pell grant
PELLLST Aid Federal Grants Last year received a Pell grant
PELLPACK Aid Package Aid package with Pell grants
PELLRAT1 Aid Ratio Ratio of Pell grant to total aid
PELLRAT2 Aid Ratio Ratio of Pell grant to total grants
PELLYRS Aid Federal Grants Number of years received Pell grants
PLUSPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of PLUS loan to total aid
PMOMED Parent Education Mother's highest education level
PRIMLANG Background Family English is the primary language
PRIVCST Aid Ratio Ratio of private loans to student budget
PRIVPACK Aid Package Package of private and non-private loans
PRIVPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of private loans to total aid
PROGSTAT Education Program Completed degree program in 2007-2008
PSECTYR Education Attendance Year first enrolled in postsecondary education
RACE2 Background Demographics Race/ethnicity (with multiple) without foreign students
RACESEX Background Demographics Race/ethnicity (with multiple) and gender
REMENUM Education Courses Remedial courses: number taken in 2007-08
REMETOOK Education Courses Remedial courses: took in 2007-08
REMEVER Education Courses Remedial courses: ever taken
SIBINCOL Parent Family Have siblings in college
SINCOL Background Family Number of family members in college (independent)
SMARTCST Aid Ratio Ratio of Pell and SMART grants to student budget
SMTRAT1 Aid Ratio Ratio of Pell and SMART grants to total aid
SMTRAT2 Aid Ratio Ratio of Pell and SMART grants to total grants
SNEED9 Aid Need Student budget minus EFC & all aid except private loans
STAFCT1 Aid Federal Loans Stafford subsidized maximum
STAFCT2 Aid Federal Loans Stafford total maximum
STAFFST Aid Federal Loans Year of first Stafford loan
STAFLST Aid Federal Loans Year of last Stafford loan
STAFYRS Aid Federal Loans Number of years received Stafford loans
STAPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of state aid to total aid
STGRPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of state grants to total aid
STMERIT Aid State Grants State merit-only grants
STNOND1 Aid State Grants State non-need grants
STWKAMT Aid State Other State work-study
TFEDAID6 Aid Federal Total federal aid (excludes parent PLUS and veterans/DOD)
TFEDGRT2 Aid Federal Grants Total federal grants and veterans/DOD
TGRTLN Aid Total Total loans and grants
TOTAID6 Aid Total Total aid (excludes parent PLUS and veterans/DOD)
TOTAID7 Aid Total Total aid (excludes veterans/DOD)
TOTAID8 Aid Total Total aid without private loans
TOTGRT2 Aid Total Grants Total grants and veterans/DOD
TOTGRT4 Aid Total Grants Total state and institutional grants
TOTLOAN3 Aid Total Loans Total loans excluding private loans
UGDEGAA Education Program Associate degree type
UGLVL1 Education Program Class level
UGLVL2 Education Program Class level (for loans)
USBORN Background Demographics Born in the U.S. (student)
WORKPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of work-study to total aid

NPSAS:08 Graduate DAS New and Revised Variables

Variable NameSectionLabel
BAYEAR Education Attendance Year received bachelor's degree
CAGI Finances Income Adjusted Gross Income (AGI)
COMPTO87 Survey Sample Comparable to 1987 NPSAS
CSTBKS Institution Price Cost of books and supplies (student reported)
CSTCMPTR Institution Price Cost of special equipment (student reported)
DISABLE Background Disabilities Disability : has some type of disability
DISMOBIL Background Disabilities Disability : mobility impairment
DISOTHER Background Disabilities Disability : other long-lasting condition
DISSENSR Background Disabilities Disability : sensory impairment
DISTALL Education Courses Distance education : entire program
DISTEDUC Education Courses Distance education : took courses in 2007-08
DISTLOC Education Courses Distance education : location of courses
DISTYPES Background Disabilities Disability : main type of condition or impairment
EMPLYAM2 Aid Outside Grants Employer aid (parents)
FEDPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of federal aid to total aid
FGRTLN Aid Federal Total federal loans and grants
GLOANSRC Aid Package Loan package by source of loan
GRADGAP Education Attendance Years between BA and graduate school
GRADGPG Education Program Graduate and first-professional degree programs
GRADLVL Education Program Graduate class level
GRADPGM Education Program Graduate programs
GRADPYR Education Attendance Year began graduate degree
GRADSTAT Education Attendance Graduate degree and attendance pattern
GRNTSRC Aid Package Grant package by source of grant
GRTLOAN Aid Ratio Ratio of grants to total loans
GRTPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of grants to total aid
GRTRATIO Aid Ratio Ratio of grants to grants and loans
IMMIGRA Background Family Immigrant status
INSTGPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of institutional grants to total aid
INSTPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of institution aid to total aid
LOANPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of loans to total aid (excl PLUS)
MAJORS Education Program Field of study/major (detailed)
MAJORSGR Education Program Graduate field of study (12 cat)
NETCST40 Aid Net Price Student budget minus state & institutional grants
NETCST41 Aid Net Price Student budget minus all aid except private loans
OTHTYPE2 Aid Outside Total other type of aid including work-study
PARBORN Parent Family Born in the U.S. (parents)
PAREDUC Parent Education Parent's highest education level
PCTPOV Finances Income Income percent of poverty level
PDADED Parent Education Father's highest education level
PELLCUM Aid Federal Grants Cumulative Pell amount
PELLFST Aid Federal Grants First year received a Pell grant
PELLLST Aid Federal Grants Last year received a Pell grant
PELLYRS Aid Federal Grants Number of years received Pell grants
PGMSEC Institution Type Graduate program and institution type
PMOMED Parent Education Mother's highest education level
PRIMLANG Background Family English is the primary language
PRIVCST Aid Ratio Ratio of private loans to student budget
PRIVPACK Aid Package Package of private and non-private loans
PRIVPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of private loans to total aid
PROGSTAT Education Program Completed degree program in 2007-2008
RACE2 Background Demographics Race/ethnicity (with multiple) without foreign students
RACESEX Background Demographics Race/ethnicity (with multiple) and gender
SINCOL Background Family Number of family members in college (independent)
SNEED9 Aid Need Student budget minus EFC & all aid except private loans
STAFCT1 Aid Federal Loans Stafford subsidized maximum
STAFCT2 Aid Federal Loans Stafford total maximum
STAFFST Aid Federal Loans Year of first Stafford loan
STAFLST Aid Federal Loans Year of last Stafford loan
STAFYRS Aid Federal Loans Number of years received Stafford loans
STAPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of state aid to total aid
STGRPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of state grants to total aid
TFEDGRT2 Aid Federal Grants Total federal grants and veterans/DOD
TGRTLN Aid Total Total loans and grants
TOTAID7 Aid Total Total aid (excludes veterans/DOD)
TOTAID8 Aid Total Total aid without private loans
TOTGRT2 Aid Total Grants Total grants and veterans/DOD
TOTGRT4 Aid Total Grants Total state and institutional grants
TOTLOAN3 Aid Total Loans Total loans excluding private loans
USBORN Background Demographics Born in the U.S. (student)
WORKPCT Aid Ratio Ratio of work-study to total aid

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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