The statistics in this report are estimates derived from a sample. Two broad categories of error occur in such estimates: sampling and nonsampling errors. Sampling errors occur because observations are based only on samples of students, not entire populations. Nonsampling errors occur not only in sample surveys but also in complete censuses of entire populations. Nonsampling errors can be attributed to a number of sources: inability to obtain complete information about all students in all institutions in the sample (some students or institutions refused to participate, or students participated but answered only certain items); ambiguous definitions; differences in interpreting questions; inability or unwillingness to give correct information; mistakes in recording or coding data; and other errors of collecting, processing, sampling, and imputing missing data.
From the selected sample of this report, weighted item response rates were calculated for all variables used in this report by dividing the weighted number of valid responses by the weighted population for which the item was applicable. All variables used in this report and defined in appendix A had a high response rate (i.e., above 85 percent). Thus, it is unlikely that estimates and reported differences are biased because of missing data.