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PEDAR: Executive Summary First-Generation Students in Postsecondary Education
Executive Summary
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)

1 Professional judgment must be used on a case-by-case basis. Often it involves circumstances in which the student does not live with his or her parents or the student and parents are estranged. The aid administrator must document the reasons for overriding the student's dependency status, and the student may also need to provide documentation to show that he or she is self-supporting. (return to text)

2 Horn (1996) defined nontraditional students as having one or more of the following characteristics: delayed enrollment in postsecondary education, part-time attendance, financial independence, full-time employment, having children, being a single parent, and not having obtained a high school diploma. (return to text)

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National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education