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PEDAR: Executive Summary Independent Undergraduates: 1999-2000
Who Are Independent Students?
Demographic Characteristics of Independent Students
Independent Status by Age, Class Level, and Family Responsibilities
Education Financing
Financial Aid by Type of Institution
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)

The median annual income of independent students in 1998 was about $27,000 (table 11a). Part-time students (who were more likely to work) and married students (whose spouses contribute to their earnings) had the highest incomes. One-half (50 percent) of married part-time students had incomes above $50,000. By contrast, more than one-half (54-58 percent) of full-time single independent students had incomes of $13,000 or below. Almost one-third (29 percent) of all independent students were below 125 percent of the 1998 federal poverty level (calculated from figure D). Among independent students who were single parents, about one-half (48 percent) were below this poverty level.

Middle-income ($13,001-$50,000) independent students who had children were more likely to receive grants than those who did not have children (table 11c). Independent students who did not have children were more likely to receive loans, if they had incomes that were below the median ($0-$27,000).

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National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education