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PEDAR: Executive Summary  A Decade of Undergraduate Student Aid: 1989-90 to 1999-2000
Executive Summary
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
 " " Footnotes

1Federal tax subsidies provided through the Hope and Lifetime Learning Credits are not included as financial aid. This study focuses only on the types of assistance that are offered as part of a student’s financial aid package.(return to text)

2NPSAS is a nationwide study conducted by the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) primarily to determine how undergraduate and graduate students and their families pay for postsecondary education. For more information on NPSAS surveys, consult the NPSAS website http://nces.ed.gov/npsas. (return to text)

3Reauthorization also took place in 1998 (HEA-98) with relatively minor changes. Reauthorization for 2004 was under consideration at the time of this publication.(return to text)

4Grants are not necessarily limited to paying for tuition, but may cover other educational expenses as well. If the grant amount is greater than the tuition charges, the excess is applied to room and board or other expenses. In calculating the average net tuition, negative values (when the grant amount exceeds tuition) were set to zero.(return to text)

5In this study, students were considered to have full-time, full-year status, if they were enrolled full time during the academic year for 8 or more months at public 2-year, public 4-year, and private not-for-profit 4-year institutions, or 6 or more months at private for-profit less-than-4-year institutions. For ease of presentation the term “full time” will be used throughout the report to refer to students enrolled full-time for the full academic year.” (return to text)

6These figures represent all institutions, including private for-profit less-than-4-year institutions where no measurable difference was detected in the rate at which single parents received aid in 1989–90 and 1999–2000 (table A-4.4). (return to text)

71989–90 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Data Analysis System and 1999–2000 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Data Analysis System (data not shown in tables). (return to text)

81989–90 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Data Analysis System, 1995–96 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Data Analysis System, and 1999–2000 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Data Analysis System (data not shown in tables). (return to text)

9Unsubsidized Stafford loans are available to students who are enrolled at least half time, and the amount borrowed may not exceed the price of attendance, minus any other aid. Unlike subsidized Stafford loans, the federal government does not pay any interest on the loans while the student is enrolled and eligibility for unsubsidized Stafford loans is not restricted by need. (return to text)

101989–90 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Data Analysis System and 1999–2000 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Data Analysis System (data not shown in tables). (return to text)

11Grants are not necessarily limited to paying for tuition, but may cover other educational expenses as well. If the grant amount is greater than the tuition charges, the excess is applied to room and board or other expenses. In calculating the average net tuition, negative values (when the grant amount exceeds tuition) were set to zero. (return to text)

12Hereafter referred to as “low-income students” for ease of presentation. (return to text)

13The definition of full-time, full-year status is different for students enrolled in private for-profit less-than-4-year institutions where certificates can be attained within a shorter time frame. Unlike those enrolled in other sectors where full-time, full-year status was defined as full-time enrollment for 8 or more months, students at private for-profit less-than-4-year institutions were considered to be enrolled full time, full year if they attended full time for 6 or more months. (return to text)

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education