PEDAR: References  How Families of Low- and Middle-Income Undergraduates Pay for College: Full-Time Dependent Students in 1999-2000
Executive Summary
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)

Berkner, L., Berker, A., Rooney, K., and Peter, K. (2002). Student Financing of Undergraduate Education: 1999–2000 (NCES 2002–167). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

The College Board. (2003). Paying for College. Available: [February 18, 2003].

Spencer, A.C. (1999). The New Politics of Higher Education. In J.E. King (Ed.), Financing a College Education: How It Works, How It’s Changing (pp. 101–119). Phoenix, AZ: The American Council on Education and the Oryx Press.

U.S. General Accounting Office. (2002). Student Aid and Tax Benefits: Better Research and Guidance Will Facilitate Comparison of Effectiveness and Student Use. Washington, DC: Author.