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PEDAR: Executive Summary Beyond 9 to 5: The Diversity of Employment Among 1992-93 College Graduates in 1997
Introduction
Prevalence of Alternative Employment
Demographic, Family, and Academic Chatacteristics
Alternative Employment 1 and 4 Years After College Completion
Alternative Employment and Other Labor Market Experiences
Research Methodology
References
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Alternative Employement 1 and 4 Years After College Completion


This analysis also examines how the alternative employment experiences of college graduates differed when they were 1 year and 4 years out of college. Employed 1992–93 bachelor’s degree recipients who were not enrolled were more likely to have some type of alternative working arrangement in 1997 than they were in 1994 (15 vs. 11 percent). Specifically, in 1997 compared with 1994, they were more likely to have multiple jobs (7 vs. 3 percent) or to be self-employed (5 vs. 1 percent). Conversely, in 1997, they were less likely to work part time or to have clerical and support occupations or field professions.

Many gender differences in alternative employment persisted from 1 year to 4 years out of college. In both 1994 and 1997, women were more likely than men to have some type of alternative working arrangement (13 vs. 10 percent in 1994; 16 vs. 14 percent in 1997). In 1994, women were more likely than men to work part time (9 vs. 6 percent) or to have clerical and support jobs (23 vs. 14 percent), while men were more likely than women to work in field professions (16 vs. 7 percent) or to be self-employed (2 vs. 1 percent). These patterns were consistent with the differences found for 1997, as described in the previous section.

Working in alternative employment in 1994 was associated with a greater likelihood of doing so in 1997. Specifically, 45 percent of those who were self-employed in 1994 were also self-employed in 1997, compared with 5 percent of those who were not self-employed in 1994. About half (51 percent) of those who had multiple jobs in 1994 also did in 1997, compared with 5 percent of those who did not have multiple jobs in 1994. In addition, part-time workers in 1994 were more likely than their full-time counterparts to be working part time in 1997 as well (18 vs. 4 percent). Finally, one-third (36 percent) of those who had clerical and support jobs in 1994 also had clerical and support jobs in 1997, compared with 7–10 percent of those with other types of jobs in 1994. Similarly, 43 percent of those with field professions in 1994 were still in positions of this type in 1997, compared with 4–5 percent of those with other occupations in 1994.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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