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PEDAR: References Study of College Costs and Prices, 1988-89 to 1997-98
Executive Summary
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)

1 In this report, the terms "costs" and "expenditures" are used interchangeably to mean the amount institutions spend to provide education and related educational services to students. (return to text)

2 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPIU, 1982-84=100) measures change in relation to a base period, in this case the average index level for a 36-month period covering 1982, 1983, and 1984, which is set equal to 100. (return to text)

3 See institutional universe section in Chapter 1 and the data and methods sections of Chapters III, IV, and V for discussion of the exclusion of institutions. These chapters can be found in the complete report. (return to text)

4 E&G revenue include tuition and fees, government appropriations, government grants and contracts, private gifts, endowment income, sales and services, and other revenue; they exclude revenue for auxiliary enterprises, hospitals, and independent operations. (return to text)

5 E&G expenditures include instruction, research, public service, academic support, student services, institutional support, plant operations and maintenance, scholarships and fellowships, and transfers; they exclude expenditures for auxiliary enterprises, hospitals, and independent operations. (return to text)


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National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education