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PEDAR: References Middle Income Undergraduates: Where They Enroll and How They Pay for Their Education
Executive Summary
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)

Choy, S. P. (2000). Low-Income Students: Who They Are and How They Pay for Their Education (NCES 2000-169). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Choy, S. P. (1996). How Low-Income Undergraduates Financed Postsecondary Education: 1992-93 (NCES 96-161). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Cunningham, A. F. and Thomas Parker. (1999) State of Diffusion: Defining Student Aid in an Era of Multiple Purposes.
Institute for Higher Education Policy. Washington D.C.

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Heller, Donald E. and Laird, Thomas F. Nelson. "Institutional Need-Based and Non-Need Grants: Trends and Differences Among College and University Sectors," Journal of Student Financial Aid, v. 29, no. 3. (1999), pp. 7-24.

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King, J. E. (ed.). Financing a College Education. How It Works, How It"s Changing. Phoenix, AZ: American Council on Education/Oryx Press, 1999.

Little, K. "Changes in Financial Aid Formula May Benefit Middle Income Families," The College Board. Date accessed: January 19, 2000.

McPherson, M. S. Testimonial in the American Association of Universities" Council on Federal Regulations (CFR) Reports on Hearings & Markups for the week of February 7-11, 2000: Hearing on The Rising Cost of College Tuition and the Effectiveness of Government Financial Aid, Senate Governmental Affairs. Date accessed: February 9, 2000.

McPherson, M. S. and Schapiro, M. O. (1998) The Student Aid Game. Meeting Need and Rewarding Talent in American Higher Education. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Riccobono, J. A., Whitmore, R. W., Gable, T. J., Traccarella, M. A., Pratt, D. J., Berkner, L. K. (1997). National Postsecondary Student Aid Study, 1995-96 (NPSAS:96), Methodology Report (NCES 98-073). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

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