PEDAR: Executive Summary Middle Income Undergraduates: Where They Enroll and How They Pay for Their Education
Profile of Middle Income Full-Time, Full-Year Dependent Undergraduates
Price of Attendance
Financial Need and Financial Aid
Sources of Financial Aid
Research Methodology
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Executive Summary (PDF)
Price of Attendance

Price of attendance is the student budget for FTFY dependent undergraduates for 1995–96, including tuition and fees and total nontuition costs. Of the middle income FTFY dependent undergraduates, 8 percent were enrolled at the lowest price-of-attendance level, 21 percent at the moderate price-of-attendance level, 49 percent at the upper price-of-attendance level, and 23 percent at the highest price-of-attendance level.

The percentages of FTFY dependent undergraduates from lower income and middle income families enrolling at each price-of-attendance level were about the same, but a smaller percentage of each of these two income groups (20 and 23 percent) was enrolled at the highest price-of-attendance level than of the higher income group (34 percent). Middle income FTFY dependent undergraduates with mid-range combined SAT scores of 825-1,199 were less likely to be enrolled at the highest price-of-attendance level than were those with similar SAT scores in the higher income group. Again, the enrollment of middle income and lower income FTFY dependent undergraduates by price-of-attendance level was about the same within the same SAT range. In all three income groups, the percentages of those with SAT scores of 1,200 or more that were enrolled at the highest price-of-attendance level were not statistically different, standing at 54 percent overall.

Multivariate analysis showed that even after controlling for student background and family factors likely to affect enrollment at the highest price-of-attendance level, the percentage enrolled at this level was still lower for middle income FTFY dependent undergraduates attending the highest price-of-attendance level (23 percent) than their higher income counterparts (30 percent). Factors associated with enrollment at the highest price-of-attendance level, in addition to family income, included being female, having parents whose highest level of education was a doctoral or first-professional degree, and having combined SAT scores of 1,200 or more.

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