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PEDAR: Executive Summary Competing Choices: Men's and Women's  Paths After Earning a Bachelor's Degree
Gender Differences
Characteristics at Bachelor's Degree Receipt
Experiences After Graduation
Age, Major, and Grade-Point Average
Interrelationships Among Transitions
Graduate School Enrollment and Attainment
Effects of Marriage and Parenthood on Graduate Enrollment After Controlling for Other Variables
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Interrelationships Among Transitions - Parenthood

Graduate enrollment and parenthood were negatively related for both men and women: 12 percent of men and 16 percent of women who did not enroll in a graduate program within 4 years of bachelor’s degree receipt became parents during that time. In contrast, 9 percent of men and 10 percent of women who enrolled did so. Women who enrolled in first-professional or doctoral programs were less likely to marry and become parents than were those who enrolled in master’s programs.

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National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education